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© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MS Am 800.7
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Stone, Henry, 1830-1896.
Title: Henry Stone papers,
Quantity: 1 collection (1 box (.5 linear ft.)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Papers of American Civil War officer and Nashville, Tennessee commissioner of police, Henry Stone.
Henry Stone (1830-1896) was the son of Rev. Thomas Treadwell Stone (Bowdoin AB 1820, 1801-1895) and Laura Poor Stone, and was born in 1830 at Andover, Maine. He prepared for college at Washington Academy in East Machias and at the Public Latin School of Salem, Massachusetts. He entered Harvard College in 1848, but after his freshman year, joined the Class of 1852 at Bowdoin College. After receiving an AB at Bowdoin, he studied theology at the Harvard Divinity School until 1854 when he became employed at the State of Maine, a Portland newspaper. In 1857 he moved to New York City and worked for the American Railway Journal and the New York Evening Post. In 1861 he moved to Wisconsin, and shortly after was commissioned 2nd lieutenant in the 1st Wisconsin Volunteers. In April 1863 he was appointed assistant adjutant general in the United States Volunteers, with a rank of captain, and was assigned to duty in Washington D.C. In February of 1864, he was placed on the staff of General George H. Thomas and took part in all the battles of the Atlanta campaign, as well as those at Nashville. In January 1865, he received a commission as lieutenant colonel of the 100th Regiment of the United States Colored Infantry. He served as the operational commander under General Mussey who was really more of a titular leader of the regiment. Stone was made brevet colonel and served until the regiment was mustered out of service at the close of the war.At the end of the war Stone settled in Nashville, Tennessee and became a member of the Radical Republican Party, known as "Radicals." The members of the Radical Republican Party strongly opposed slavery during the war and after the war, distrusted ex-Confederates, demanding harsh policies for the former rebels, and emphasized civil rights and voting rights for Freedmen (recently freed slaves). In August of 1866, Stone was handpicked by Governor Brownlow, and appointed by then Mayor of Nashville, Augustus Alden, to become Superintending Commissioner of the Nashville Tennessee Metropolitan Police. He held this position until November of 1869 when the law creating the Board was repealed by the Tennessee legislature. In 1870 he became chief of a division in the Census Bureau, and during a portion of the next three years was chief clerk of the ninth census of the United States. From November 1872 - October 1881 he resided in New York City as editor and compiler of the Manual of the Railroads of the United States. In 1881 he moved to Boston where he lived until his death. In 1889 he was appointed member of the State Board of Lunacy and Charity, and in 1894 he became State Superintendent of the Department of Out-door Poor. He died at age 65 in January of 1896. Stone was married in 1874 to Garaphelia Brigham Howard (died 1881), and then in 1882 to Cara E. Whiton. He had no children.Source: Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine for the year ending 1 June 1896. [No. 7, Second series].
Organized into the following series:
- I. Correspondence, 1866-1867
- II. Documents, 1863-1869
- III. Miscellany, 1866-1867
The widely varied materials in this collection all pertain to Henry Stone's involvement in the reconstruction period in Nashville, Tennessee. The Correspondence series (1866-1867) is primarily letters to Henry Stone concerning military matters, police concerns, and Stone's investment problems. The Documents series (1863-1869) is a varied group of materials including printed and manuscript items: miscellaneous discharge documents from the United States Army in which Colonel Henry Stone was somehow involved; special orders; abstract of articles received from citizens in the field; application for bounty money; a promissory note; and various other documents related to the military from the Union side of the American Civil War. There are additional materials including: manuscript receipts relating to a business venture (in which Henry Stone was involved) entitled Butler's Landing Oil & Mining Company; receipts issued by the State Central Committee of the Republican Pary of Tennessee, for funds for campaigns expended by Henry Stone, treasurer; and draft payroll records for the Metropolitan Police, District of Tennessee from 1867 October- 1869 November. Also includes printed menus for events in Nashville Tennessee, 1866-1867.