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MS Russ 123

Negatives concerning Marina Tsvetaeva and Sergei Efron, ca. 1892-1941: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: b
Call No.: MS Russ 123
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Title: Negatives concerning Marina Tsvetaeva and Sergei Efron,
Date(s): 1892-1941.
Quantity: 1 collection (1 box (.5 linear ft.) ])
Language of materials: Collection materials are in Russian.
Abstract: 145 photographic negatives concerning the life of Marina Tsvetaeva, her husband Sergei Efron, their children, their extended family, and their friends.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

80Z-2. Gift of Carl Proffer; received: 1980 December.

Processing Information:

Processed by: Irina Klyagin

Conditions Governing Access:

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material. Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation for Publication:

Negatives Concerning Marina Tsvetaeva and Sergei Efron, ca. 1892-1941 (MS Russ 123). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Biographical / Historical

Marina Tsvetaeva [Марина Ивановна Цветаева] (1892-1941) was a major Russian poet. Her father was the famous Russian art scholar, professor, and founder of Moscow Fine Arts Museum, Ivan Vladimirovich Tsvetaev [Иван Владимирович Цветаев] (1847-1913). She had a younger sister Anastasia Tsvetaeva [Анастасия Ивановна Цветаева] (1894-1993), and two half-siblings from her father's first marriage.
In 1922 Tsvetaeva left Russia with her daughter Ariadna Efron [Ариадна Сергеевна Эфрон] (1912-1975) to join her husband, a White Army officer, Sergei Efron [Сергей Яковлевич Эфрон] (1893-1941) in emigration in Europe. Three years later, her son Georgii (Mur) Efron [Георгий Сергеевич (Мур) Эфрон] was born (1925-1944?). In 1937 Tsvetaeva's daughter and husband who had developed Soviet sympathies returned to the Soviet Union. In 1939 Tsvetaeva and her son followed them. In 1941 her husband was executed and her daughter sentenced to eight years of labor camps. The same year Tsvetaeva and her son were evacuated from Moscow to the city of Еlabuga where she committed suicide on August 31. Her son Georgii enlisted in the Soviet Army and was killed in the war.


Photographs from this collection were published in Цветаева : фото-биография= Tsvetaeva : a pictorial biography / edited by Ellendea Proffer ; translations by J. Marin King ; introd. by Carl R. Proffer. Ann Arbor : Ardis, ca. 1980.


Organized by the donor into five series:

Scope and Contents

Photographic negatives concerning family and friends of Marina Tsvetaeva and Sergei Efron.

Container List