[OASIS] Harvard University Library
OASIS: Online Archival Search Information System
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:FHCL.Hough:hou02141View HOLLIS Record   Frames Version
Questions or Comments   Copyright Statement
MS AmW 105

Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909. William Hobart Hare missions papers, 1872-1910: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Harvard Depository
Call No.: MS AmW 105
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909.
Title: William Hobart Hare missions papers
Date(s): 1872-1910
Quantity: 3 linear feet (4 boxes)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English, and a few in Dakota and Japanese.
Abstract: American Episcopal bishop, William Hobart Hare's papers relating to his missionary work with the Dakota Indians and in Japan.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

No accession number. Gift of Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe, A.B. 1887; received: 1916 August 16.
Forms part of the collection of Western Americana manuscripts at Houghton Library, collected under the auspices of the Harvard Commission on Western History.

Processing Information:

Processed by: Bonnie B. Salt

Conditions Governing Access:

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material.
This collection is not housed at the Houghton Library but is shelved offsite at the Harvard Depository. Retrieval requires advance notice. Readers should check with Houghton Public Services staff to determine what material is offsite and retrieval policies and times.

Preferred Citation for Publication:

William Hobart Hare Missions Papers, 1872-1910 (MS AmW 105). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Related Materials

See also collections on Bishop Hare at:
See HOLLIS for additional printed material by or about Bishop Hare held by Harvard repositories.

Separated Materials

Duplicate printed material removed to Gifts and Exchange.

Biographical / Historical

William Hobart Hare (1838-1909) was an Episcopal bishop and missionary to the Dakota [Sioux] Indians. Hare was born in Princeton, New Jersey, the son of Elizabeth Catherine Hobart and George Emlen Hare. His father was a biblical scholar and dean of the Philadelphia Divinity School. He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, though he did not graduate. He began his ministry as an assistant at St. Luke's Church in Philadelphia, where Mark Antony DeWolfe Howe was the rector. In 1861 Hare married Howe's daughter Mary Amory Howe. By 1863 he moved to Michigan and then Minnesota to help his wife's health, but soon returned East and in 1866 his wife died in Philadelphia. They had one child, a son Hobart Amory Hare.
Hare held various positions in the Episcopal church and in November of 1872 he was elected missionary bishop of Niobrara and ordained and consecrated in January of 1873. In 1883 he became missionary bishop of South Dakota, then including both white districts and native peoples. He divided the district into divisions, each connected with a United States Indian Agency, each with a experienced overseer to supervise the Indian ministers while Hare served as general superintendent. He also established numerous Indian boarding schools to train Indian boys to be teachers and missionaries, as well as the All Saints School for girls in Sioux Falls for the daughters of his missionaries and other white girls. He came to be known as the "Apostle to the Sioux."
In February of 1891-1892 he spent many months in Japan to administer the affairs of that jurisdiction, and also spent some time in Europe to ease his heart problems. Hare died in 1909 and was buried beside Calvary Cathedral in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. May 17 is celebrated on the Episcopal calendar as a feast day in honor of William Hobart Hare.
Source: Donald S. Armentrout "Hare, William Hobart" American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000.


The life and letters of Bishop Hare : apostle to the Sioux by M. A. DeWolfe Howe. New York: Sturgis & Walton Company,1911.


Arranged into the following series:

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence, writings, notes, clippings, leaflets, pamphlets, reports, and other printed material related to Bishop Hare's missionary work. Collection is primarily on missions in South Dakota, but also includes Japan, where Bishop Hare was sent by the church in 1891-1892.


This collection is shelved offsite at the Harvard Depository. See access restrictions below for additional information.

Container List