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© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MS Span 159
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Darío, Rubén, 1867-1916.
Title: Rubén Darío compositions,
Quantity: 1 collection (2 folders (.16 linear ft.)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in Spanish.
Abstract: Compositions of Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío.
Nicaraguan diplomat, journalist, and poet Rubén Darío is widely regarded as the father of Spanish-American modernism. Heavily influenced by Victor Hugo and the French Parnassians and Symbolists, chiefly Paul Verlaine, he combined neoclassical alexandrine verse with modern exoticism and sensualism to create an œuvre in which the sanctity of art and the sensibility of the artist are major themes. He was a writer of conflicting impulses: a pious Catholic as well as a liberal, anti-clerical romantic who believed art to be a bridge between the physical and spiritual worlds; a "man of the Americas" who nevertheless looked to Europe for cultural models; a champion of democracy and the nobility of labor who engaged in flights of the most rarified fancy.
Arranged alphabetically by title of composition.
Consists of autograph manuscript revisions of poems and prose works. Of note in this small collection is an undated autograph manuscript copy by Darío of his poem "La fe", originally published when he was 12 years old. In addition, two of the works represented herein, "El Rey Burgés" and "Palomas blancas...y garzas morenas", appeared in Darío's crowning literary achievement, Azul, 1888, a collection of poems and prose pieces. "Testamento del literato Don Rubén Darío", a meditation by the poet on his life and work, has never been published.