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MS Eng 1039

Gay, Ernest Lewis, 1874-1916, collector. Ernest Lewis Gay collection of papers concerning the Mohocks and Hawkubites, 1711-1712: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: f
Call No.: MS Eng 1039
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Title: Ernest Lewis Gay collection of papers concerning the Mohocks and Hawkubites
Date(s): 1711-1712
Quantity: .1 linear feet (1 volume)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Papers concerning the Mohocks and the Hawkubites, gangs of ruffians who roamed the streets of London during the eighteenth century.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

From the collection of the writings of the poet John Gay (1685-1732) taken from the library of Ernest Lewis Gay (A.B. 1897). Given to the Harvard Library by his nephew, George Henry Gay in fulfillment of his uncle's desires; received: 1927 June 15.
Recataloged from 15461.556PF*

Processing Information:

Processed by: Bonnie B. Salt
Items were renumbered during recataloging in March 2005.

Conditions Governing Access:

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material.

Preferred Citation for Publication:

Ernest Lewis Gay Collection of Papers Concerning the Mohocks and Hawkubites, 1711-1712 (MS Eng 1039 ). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Biographical / Historical

Ernest Lewis Gay (1874-1916) was a librarian and book collector of Boston, Mass. who collected materials especially concerning the English poet and playwright, John Gay (1685-1732). John Gay used the Mohock theme in his one-act play, The Mohocks. A tragi-comical farce, (1712). The Mohocks and Hawkubites were street gangs in London during the reign of Queen Anne. It was their delight to molest and ill-treat the women, children, and feeble old men who might be in the streets after sunset. The Mohocks were named after the American Indian tribe, the Mohawks. In 1712 a royal bounty was placed on their heads for capture.


Arranged as bound in volume.

Scope and Contents

Volume of manuscript court proceedings, royal proclamations, accounts, and minutes, as well as printed broadsides, concerning the assaults and nocturnal disturbances committed by the Mohocks and Hawkubites in London, with autograph notes and manuscript transcripts in an unidentified hand (with the initials J.E.H.). Also includes a mezzotint of Edward Richard Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich, Viscount Hinchingbrooke (1692-1722), a member of the Mohock gang.
Lettering on spine: "Gay's argument on the Mohawks and other kindred pieces - 1712."

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