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MS Thr 403

Lander, Toni. Toni Lander papers, 1940-1985: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: b
Call No.: MS Thr 403
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Lander, Toni, 1931-1985.
Title: Toni Lander papers,
Date(s): 1940-1985.
Quantity: 1 collection (6 boxes (3 linear feet)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Professional and personal papers and photographs of the Danish ballerina Toni Lander.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Gift of Bruce Marks; received: 1989 July 6.

Processing Information:

A portion of this collection is unprocessed.

Conditions Governing Access:

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material. Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation for Publication:

Toni Lander Papers, 1940-1985 (MS Thr 403). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Biographical / Historical

Toni Lander (Toni Pihl Petersen, 1940-1985) was born on 19 June 1931 in Copenhagen. She trained with Leif Oernberg at the school of the Royal Danish Ballet in Copenhagen, graduating in 1948, after which she joined the Royal Danish Ballet. By 1950 she was a soloist and was featured in Etudes, choreographed by the ballet master Harald Lander. She and Lander married in 1950 and lived in Denmark. She was guest ballerina in London (1951-1952), during the final season with the original Ballet Russes and ballerina with the London Festival Ballet (1954-1959). She left Denmark with Lander to dance with the Paris Opéra. She continued her training in Paris with Olga Preobrajenska and Lubov Egorova. She and Lander were divorced in 1965, and that year, she joined the American Ballet Theatre (ABT) in New York. In 1966 she married Bruce Marks, principal dancer for the ABT and in 1971 returned to Denmark, where she again danced with the Royal Danish Ballet until 1976. When Marks was appointed artistic director of the Ballet West in Salt Lake City, Utah, they returned to the United States, where she taught and coached ballet. Lander and Marks were divorced in 1983. She died of cancer in 1985.


Organized into the following series:

Scope and Contents

The collection contains her business correspondence, contracts, itineraries, fiscal records and telegrams. Her personal correspondence chiefly includes letters and postcards to her family while on tour, as well as letters to her from friends and admirers in the last years of her life. There is an extensive series of correspondence, primarly in Danish, from Harald Lander to Toni Lander's family, the Pihl Petersen family. The collection also contains photographs, negatives and color transparencies depicting Lander's family, Lander in various ballet roles, posed portraits and candids, as well as a diary/autograph book, a book of drawings, engagement books, gradeschool reportcards, and a pair of Lander's castanets.

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