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MS Am 687

Haynes, Watson G., recipient. Letters sent to Watson G. Haynes on the initiative to change regulations in the United States Navy, 1846-1852: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University

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Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: b
Call No.: MS Am 687
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Haynes, Watson G., recipient.
Title: Letters sent to Watson G. Haynes on the initiative to change regulations in the United States Navy,
Date(s): 1846-1852.
Quantity: 1 collection (2 boxes (.5 linear ft.)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Letters sent to Watson B. Haynes in response to his initiative to change the regulations of the United States Navy concerning flogging and alcohol rations.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Donor unknown. Possibly formerly owned by Charles Sumner?; date received unknown.

Processing Information:

Processed by: Bonnie B. Salt

Preferred Citation for Publication:

Letters Sent to Watson G. Haynes on the Initiative to Change Regulations in the United States Navy, 1846-1852 (MS Am 687). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Biographical / Historical

Watson G. Haynes was a seaman who, according to Charles Sumner [see item (87) below], "started the movement against flogging in the Navy."
Between December 1849 and June 1850 the United States Senate received 271 petitions from the citizens of various states urging the end of flogging. In September 1850 Congress abolished flogging in the Navy and merchant marine. On 3 March 1851, the commutation of the liquor ration was restricted to "officers and their attendants" only. On 31 August 1853, Congress repealed the 1851 law and the liquor privilege was once again opened up to the rank and file. Source: Website of the U.S. Navy Department Library.

Arrangement

Organized into the following two series:

Scope and Contents

These papers are letters, statements, and petitions that are responses to Haynes' initiative to change the regulations of the United States Navy that permited corporal punishment (especially flogging) and allowed alcohol as part of the men's rations. One letter calls him a "generous sailor" laboring to effect the abolition of flogging and spirit rations in the navy."
Includes correspondents Henry Ward Beecher, Richard Henry Dana, Edward Everett, Ezra Stiles Gannett, Moses Grant, Horace Greeley, John Parker Hale, and Charles Sumner, among others.

Container List


hou01483