MS Am 1550-1550.1
Rumford, Benjamin, Graf von, 1753-1814. Benjamin Rumford drawings, 1795-1806: Guide.
Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MS Am 1550-1550.1
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Rumford, Benjamin, Graf von, 1753-1814.
Title: Benjamin Rumford drawings,
Quantity: 1 collection (1 linear foot (2 boxes)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Drawings done by and for physicist and inventor Count Bejamin Rumford.
58M-128PF and *53M-68PF. Purchased with assistance from David P. Wheatland, Esq., 11 Gray Gardens West, Cambridge, Mass.; received: 1953 November 20 and 1958.
There are no restrictions on physical access to this material. Collection is open
Benjamin Rumford Drawings, 1795-1806 (MS Am 1550-1550.1). Houghton Library, Harvard
Rumford, an applied physicist and inventor, as well as a soldier of fortune, and philanthropist,
was born in Massachusetts, but after siding with the British in the American Revolution,
lived mostly in England, Bavaria, and France. He studied heat, gunpowder, cooking
equipment, lamps, wheels and other equipment and phenomena. Rumford was knighted in
England, made a Count of the Holy Roman Empire by the Elector of Bavaria, founded
the Royal Institution of Great Britain, and was active in various academic societies
Organized into the following series:
- I. MS Am 1550: Drawings by Benjamin Rumford
- II. MS Am 1550.1: Drawings by Georg Reichenbach for Benjamin Rumford and collateral
Consists of 39 of Rumford's drawings in pen and watercolor of his inventions; 24 drawings
for him by Georg von Reichenbach, a Bavarian army engineer; maps; and engravings including
some of the English Garden in Munich designed by Rumford and of plans for a military
post near Dublin. Rumford's drawings are of a hackney carriage with wooden springs,
coffeepots, portable stoves, fireplaces, chimneys, and mantelpieces. Reichenbach's
drawings are of flint-lock muskets and other small firearms, field cannons, and military
uniforms. Also contains drawings and engravings of miscellaneous scientific and architectural
apparatus, by various hands, possibly not connected with Rumford.
- Series: I. MS Am 1550: Drawings by Benjamin Rumford I. MS Am 1550: Drawings by Benjamin Rumford: Selected images
See Series II: MS Am 1550.1 below for one additional drawing by Rumford.
- (1). Hackney carriage with wooden springs.
- (9-22). Portable stoves or cookers.
Includes one engraved plate.
- (23-38). Fireplaces, chimneys, and other mantle-pieces.
- (39-52). Drawings and engravings of miscellaneous apparatus, possibly not connected with Rumford.
- Series: II. MS Am 1550.1: Drawings by Georg Reichenbach for Benjamin Rumford and collateral
material II. MS Am 1550.1: Drawings by Georg Reichenbach for Benjamin Rumford and collateral
material: Selected images
- A. Drawings
Many of the drawings are by Georg Reichenbach, a Bavarian army engineer; only no.1 is by Benjamin Rumford himself, and all but no.1 were probably executed in Bavaria.
- (1). Hackney carriage with wooden springs, designed for London use; Brompton, 11 Sep 1801.
- (2). Side view and cut-away view of carriage designed for Rumford, with his monogram and crest.
- (3,4). Two side views and two top views of a two-wheeled, one-horse, single seat cart.
- (5). Detailed drawings of loading tools and methods for shrapnel charges.
- (6,7). Breech mechanisms and charging procedure.
- (8). Side and top view of firing mechanism and stock of flint-lock hand gun.
- (9,10). Parts, construction, and action of a flint-lock firing mechanism.
- (11). Details of device for attaching a shoulder stock to a flint-lock hand gun.
- (12). Details of device for attaching bayonet to flint-lock musket.
- (13). Additional drawings of devices shown in nos. 9, 10, and 11.
- (14). Four types of flint-lock musket differing in stocks and Bayonet attachments.
- (15). Flint-lock device apparently designed to fire the touch-hole of a cannon.
- (16,17). Views of two types of field cannon with caisson.
- (18). Views of field cannon with caisson, similar to no.16.
- (19,20). Duplicate drawings of a combination field cannon and caisson.
- (21). Views of field cannon with caisson, similar to no.17.
- (22). Views of mortar with base and elevating device.
- (23). Side view of field cannon, with pencil notations by Rumford.
- (24). Six drawings of Bavarian military uniforms. Mounted with these, five miscellaneous
drawings not evidently connected with the rest of the series.
- (25). Plan and elevation of the Carlsthor, Munich.
- B. Collateral material
- (26). Engraved map of Munich in 1806, by Joseph Gonsoni, T. Green, and J. Carl Schleich.
- (27). Engraved map and prospect of the English Garden, Munich, ca. 1806, by Rickauer and J. C. Schleich. The map shows the location of the Rumford Monument.
- (28). Three engraved views of the English Garden, Munich, in 1797, by S. Warnberger. Two show different views of the Rumford Monument.
- (29). Colored engraved plan and prospect of the military post at Laughlinstown, near Dublin, with detailed pictures of barracks, in 1795.
- (30). Engraved portrait of Alexander Marcet, M. D., F. R. S. (1770-1822) by Henry Meyer after Sir Henry Raeburn.