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MS Eng 160.4

Joyce, James, 1882-1941. James Joyce Ulysses placards, 1921: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: pf
Call No.: MS Eng 160.4
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Joyce, James, 1882-1941.
Title: James Joyce Ulysses placards,
Date(s): 1921.
Quantity: 1 collection (3 linear feet (208 sheets in 10 boxes)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English.
Abstract: Printed placards (equivalent to galley proofs), many extensively annotated by James Joyce, for his novel Ulysses.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

50M-84. Deposited by Marian Willard Johnson, Locust Valley, Long Island, New York, 1950 November 29. Part gift of Mrs. Johnson in memory of Sylvia Beach, 1969 August 6, and part purchase with funds from the Amy Lowell Fund, 1969 August 12.

Processing Information:

Processed by: Leslie A. Morris
The placards were ordered and numbered upon receipt in the Library in 1950, and this numbering has been retained except where this resulted in the fragmentation of text of an episode. Where Houghton numbers have been changed, this is indicated in a note. Many placards are present in more than one copy, and this information is in parentheses following the placard number; however, no attempt has been made to determine which sheet was pulled first, second, etc. The "titles" given to the placards (for example, "2", "IV", "9 bis", etc.) are numbers printed on the placards themselves.

Conditions Governing Access:

Restricted: fragile; use surrogate. For access to original consult curatorial staff.

Existence and Location of Copies:

Readers must consult either a photocopy (available in the Reading Room) or the facsimile reproduction published as part of The James Joyce Archive edited by Michael Groden (New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1978).

Preferred Citation for Publication:

James Joyce Placards, 1921 (MS Eng 160.4). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Biographical / Historical

James Joyce was an Irish novelist.
The first episodes of Ulysses were published in the Little Review in 1918; the complete novel was first published by Sylvia Beach through her bookshop Shakespeare and Company, Paris, in 1922. The book was typeset and printed by the firm of Maurice Darantiere in Dijon during 1921. Darantiere sent Joyce the placards for correction. Each placard (equivalent to galley proofs) is a large sheet of paper measuring roughly 29 x 18 ½ inches (74 x 47 cm.), printed on one side only, and containing eight pages of text, four across and two high. The pages are unnumbered, with the second page printed below the first, the fourth below the third, and so on. Joyce would not only correct the text, he would often make large additions and deletions. Because of the additions, each placard was pulled from one to four times.
After the placards, the book was set in page proof.


The placards are arranged by episode, as follows:

Scope and Contents

The placards do not contain the entire text as published, as changes and additions were made after the placard stage. All the placards are marked, some more than others; for a sense of the extent of Joyce's manuscript changes, readers should consult the Garland facsimile cited above.

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