Gray, Asa, 1810-1888. Papers
of Asa Gray, 1830-1953 (inclusive), 1830-1888
Archives, Gray Herbarium
Library, Harvard University Herbaria
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
c. 1998 The President and Fellows of Harvard College
Last update 2016 June 7
Repository: Botany Libraries
Call No.: gra00026
Title: Papers of
Asa Gray, 1830-1953, 1830-1888
Quantity: (13 Boxes)
Processed by Lynn McWhood, November 1982
The exact route by which Asa Gray's papers have arrived in the Gray Herbarium archives
unclear. It is possible that correspondence to Gray accumulated in files which developed
files of the Herbarium. The letters written by Gray which are found in the collection
been collected by Jane Gray when she was preparing to publish Gray's letters or they
been separate gifts. The "green box" materials were quite likely given to the herbarium
Gray, with a few small contributions from other donors, such as Walter Deane. the
manuscripts probably accumulated at their Herbarium. A few items given by Susan Loring,
June 1984, have been inserted in these papers.
Asa Gray could be described as the person who established systematic
botany at Harvard and, to some extent, in the U.S. Gray's ties with European botanists,
through correspondence, exchange of specimens and visits to Europe, combined with
of collectors in North America allowed him to serve as a sort of central clearing
house for the
identification of plants from newly explored areas of North America. In this process,
able to build a major herbarium, which became the nucleus of the current Gray
Herbarium at Harvard. Gray also influenced American botany by writing a number of botanical textbooks, including very
elementary ones for children. Gray's Manuel of the Botany of the Northern United States became the standard field guide. Gray also served generally as a link between American
and European botanical sciences. Gray reviewed new European scientific works regularly
American Journal of Science and Arts, and he was largely responsible for introducing
theory of natural selection in the United States.
A chronology of Gray's life
- Born Nov. 18, 1810 in Sauquot, N. Y.
- Studied at Clinton
Grammar School under Orlando Kirkland, 1823-1824
- Studied at Fairfield
Academy one year, probably 1824-1825
- Studied at College of Physicians and
Surgeons, Fairfield, N.Y., starting autumn 1826; received degree of doctor of medicine
- Began exchange of plants with John Torrey, 1830
- Taught science at Utica Gymnasium, May-July 1832, Jan-July 1833, Jan-July(?) 1834
- Collected for Torrey, summer 1833; worked for him in his house, fall 1833
- Taught at Hamilton College, summer 1834
- Visited Philadelphia with Torrey and
collected in New Jersey for him, Sept. 1834; returned to Torrey's house
- Worked on
Elements of Botany in New York; finished April 1836
- Made librarian of New
York Lyceum of Natural History, Feb. or March 1836
- Planned to participate in
U.S. south seas expedition but delays led him to withdraw
- Appointed professor of
botany at newly formed University of Michigan, 1838
- Traveled to Europe to buy
books for Univ. of Michigan and to visit herbaria, Nov. 1838- Nov. 1839
- Began correspondence with George Engelmann, 1840
- Began a new textbook, 1841
- Appointed professor at Harvard, 1842
- Finished Manual, Dec. 1847
- First volume of Genera of the Plants of the U.S., appeared 1848
- Engaged to Jane Lathrop Loring, May 1847; married May 4, 1848
- June 1848
wedding trip to Washington, D.C.
- Went to Europe, June 1850 - Sept. 1851
- Botanical Textbook revised 1850, 1853, 1858
- To Europe, late summer
1855, for 21 days
- Second edition of Manual appeared 1856
Lessons in Botany and Vegetable Physiology, 1857
- How Plants Grow, 1858
- Involved in defense of Darwin starting 1859
- Field, Forest and
Garden Botany, about 1867
- Went to Europe, Sept. 1868- Nov. 1869
- Went to California and came back by way of Dubuque, June - Aug., 1872
- How Plants Behave, 1872
- Gift of C.S. Sargent and H.H. Hunnewell allowed him
to retire to work on North American Flora, 1873
- Traveled to southern U.S., March
- Darwiniana, 1876
- Traveled to southern
Alleghenies, Aug. 1876 - Sept. 1876
- Traveled to California, July 1877 - Sept.
1877, with Hooker
- Traveled to southern Allehenies, June 1879
- Traveled to Europe, Sept. 1880- Oct. 1881; received LLD's from Oxford, Cambridge and
- Traveled to Montreal, August 1882 for meeting of British Association
for the Advancement of Science
- Traveled to St. Louis, May 1884; to Virginia,
- Traveled to Mexico and southern California, Feb. - May 1885
- Received vase in honor of his 75th birthday, Nov. 18, 1885
- Traveled to
Europe, April - Oct. 1887
- Died Jan. 30, 1888
Dupree, A. Hunter. Asa Gray, 1810-1888. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of
Harvard University, 1959.
Gray, Jane Loring, ed. Letters of Asa Gray. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 1893. Includes autobiography, 1810-1843.
Sargent, Charles Sprague.
Asa Gray. Reprinted from the "Sun" newspaper of Jan. 3, 1886. 2 copies bound together,
has corrections written in by Gray.
References -- works:
[Goodale, George Lincoln et al.]. List of the Writings of Dr. Asa Gray. Chronologically
with an index, [New Haven, 1888]. Appendix to Vol. XXXVI, American Journal of Science.
Sargent, Charles Sprague, ed. Scientific Papers of Asa Gray. Boston: Houghton Mifflin,
1889. Vol. I. Review of works on botany and related subjects, 1834-1887. Vol. II.
biographical sketches, 1841-1886.
There are several main divisions of the Asa Gray
papers; these are largely a reflection of how the materials have been stored over
Letters to and from Gray have largely ended up in the Historic
Letters File, which includes letters to and from other members of the Herbarium staff,
within the years 1832-1906, as well as a few historical letters which
appear to have no direct relation to Gray or the Herbarium. The letters to Gray in
this file include
important series of correspondence with a number of botanists, both American and foreign.
of Gray's botanical works, published and unpublished, are mostly found in the Manuscript
See the scientific writing sections of this finding aid.
Artifacts pertaining to Gray, such as his collecting cases and implements,
spectacles, etc. are found in the display case on the landing leading downstairs from
For more information contact the library staff. There are a number of photographs and pictures pertaining to Gray scattered about in various locations and not, as
Finally, there are a variety of manuscript (and
some printed) materials pertaining to Gray in the "green box" collection. The "green
collection includes a good deal of biographical information about Gray: the manuscript
autobiography; journals of his travels based on his letters to the Torreys for his first European trip (1838-1839) and on his wife's letters to her sister for most of the following trips;
background material on his early life (clippings, letters, etc.), other people's reminiscences
him, memorabilia of awards, etc.; clippings about him before and after
his death; sympathy letters to Mrs. Gray; reviews of the letters collection published by his wife. Letters from Jane Gray's family while the Grays were traveling give some insights into life among upper
class Bostonians of the time; letters from Charles Loring
Jackson (Gray's nephew) are interesting for their gossip about Harvard.
The "green box" collection also includes a section of Gray's
correspondence: letters from scientific societies, correspondence with Harvard, communications pertaining to the Wilkes
Expedition, and copies of a number of letters from Gray, prepared for his wife's
edition of his letters. There are a few fragments of botanical manuscripts and
a number of notebooks containing Gray's notes on specimens in
different herbaria, mostly European. Finally, there are a few items pertaining
to his published works -- miscellaneous proof sheets, lists of subscribers to the
Illustrations of the Genera of Plants of the United States, records of expenses, etc.
pertaining to the North American Flora.
- Container List:
- Box F:
- Biographical Documents
- 1.Autobiographical account, starts before his birth and continues to
beginning of his term at Harvard
- 2.Autobiographical account, typed version of above prepared for
Jane Gray's edition of Letters of Asa Gray; 3 pages on Gray's
ancestors in Jane Gray's hand; list of Asa Gray's trips to Europe in a letter to Walter Deane from Jane Gray, 1888
- Travel journals
- Europe 1838-1839: letters written
by Gray to the Torrey family, sometimes by way of George
Putnam. Most letters are to either Mrs. Torrey or Mr. Torrey, but the distinction is not always clear. The letters were
written in journal style, covering multiple dates and places.
- 3. Dec. 1, 1838: Liverpool - Jan. 30,
- 4.Feb. 2, 1839: Strand, London -
March 14, 1839, about to leave for Boulogne
- 5. March 18, 1839: Paris - April 27, 1839: Genoa
- 6.May 8, 1839: Leghorn - July 23, 1839: Bale(?)
- 7a-7d.Mrs. Gray's typed copy of above, about
- 7e.Asa Gray's account
book for 1st trip to Europe
- 7f.Asa Gray's passport for 1st trip to Europe
- 7g.Asa Gray Passport, 1850
- Europe 1850-1851: Letters written mostly by Jane Gray
to members of the Loring family, including her parents, her sister Sue,
"Charlie" (brother) and "Lizzie" (sister-in-law).
- 8.June 21, 1850 - Oct. 29, 1850
- 9.Nov. 3, 1850 - March 12, 1851
- 10.March 19, 1851 -
Aug. 18, 1851
- 11. Typescript of Mrs. Gray's journal, pages 1-58; does note appear to be
the same as letters. Outline of itinerary, sketches of places, card of admission to
Societe de Lecture de Geneve for A. Gray
- 12.Miscellaneous pieces of manuscript and
typescript pertaining to the trip, etc., in no particular order; copies of a few Asa
Gray letters; notes pertaining to finances
- 13.Mrs. Gray's memo book, 1850-1851
- 13b.Jane Gray to Asa, Jan. 22, 1851, Paris; Aunt E. Lowell [Aunt Lizzie] to Jane Gray, 1850-51
- 14.Civil War:
to Jane Gray from her sister, Susan Jackson, Oct. 2, 1864
and n.d., re her son Patrick, who was a soldier in Grant's Army, 1865: Jane and Asa traveled to Washington, D.C. Jane stayed
longer to visit with her brother, Charles Greely Loring, and see military camps. The first letter is from Jane to her sister Sue, the rest are to
Asa.; March 5, 1865 - March 23, 1865; Sauquoit: The
Grays apparently paid a visit to Sauquoit in 1867. There is one letter to Sue from
Jane, July 18, 1867.
- Europe1868-1869: As in 1850-1851, most of the
letters were written by Jane. They are all addressed to Sue [Susan Mary Loring
- 15.Jane's list of
journal sendings; Sept. 17, 1868 - Dec. 31, 1868; 6 Christmas poems from the Howlands; sketch of boat; piece of hieroglyphics; list of stereopticon views;
- 16.Jan. 12, 1869 - April 18, 1869
- 17. April
26, 1869 - Aug. 1, 1869
- 18.Aug. 2, 1869 - Nov. 18, 1869, at sea, poem for Gray's birthday, 1; card of Miss E.C. Putnam with verse for Gray's birthday
on back Grace for Thanksgiving at sea in Gray's hand
- 19. Jane's diary, Sept. 15, 1868-Nov. 22, 1869
- 20.Jane's book of expenses, Sept. 15, 1868- Nov. 22, 1869
- 20a.Asa & Jane Gray's passport, Aug. 20, 1868
- Box G:
- Travel journals, cont.
- Letters to Jane Gray while in Europe, 1868-1869
- 21.Letters from others abroad; April 8, 1869 -
Sept. 17, ; Letters from Anna P. Jackson (niece); Nov. 19, 1869,
March 7, 1869; Letters from Charles Loring Jackson (nephew at
Harvard); Dec. 7, 1868 - Oct. 17, 1869; Letter from Patrick Tracy Jackson (sister Sue's husband); Jan. 25, 1869; Letter from Sue (sister); Feb. 4, ;
from Patrick Tracy Jackson, Jr. (nephew); Sept. 29, 
- 22.New York, 1871: The Grays went to New York City to visit the Torreys and then to the estate of the Howlands, friends living
outside the city. Jane wrote one letter to Sue from Manhattan, N.Y., June 16, 1871,
- 23.Journey South, March - April, 1875: Letters written by Jane Gray to Sue, Elsada, Jessie and Alice (niece).
- 24.Letters to Jane Gray
from Charles Loring Jackson while the latter was in Berlin: May 8, 1875; June 4, 1875; July 18, 1875; Washington, 1876: one letter to Sue from Jane, Jan. 30, 1876; Southern Alleghenies, Aug. - Sept., 1876: Letters written by Jane to
Sue; 3 pages of lists of plants in Jane Gray's hand, list of miles traveled (?) in
Asa Gray's hand
- 25.Letters to Jane,
Oct. 4, 1877, Rancho Chico, from Annie K.
Bidwell; to Jane, Dec. 4, 1877, Rancho Chico, from Annie K. Bidwell; to Jane, July
30, 1878, Rancho Chico, from Annie K. Bidwell; to Asa, Sept. 30, 1878, Rancho
Chico, from Annie K. Bidwell; to Asa, Jan. 9, 1879,
Chico, Cal., from John Bidwell; Southern Alleghenie, June 1876: Letters from Jane
- 26.June 8, 1879 - June 28, 1879
- 27.Small notebook with Jane's notes on 1876 and 1879 trips south and expense records
- Europe, 1880-1881: Letters written mostly by Jane Gray to her sister Sue.
- 28.List of journal sendings; Sept 3, 1880 -
Nov. 18, 1880
- 29. Nov. 28, 1880 - Feb. 13, 1881
20, 1881 - April [20-22]
- 31.May 7, 1881 - June [8-21], 1881
- 32. June 28, 1881 - Aug. 21, 1881
- 33.Aug. 29, 1881 - [Oct. 17-Oct. 22]
- 34.Mrs. Gray's notebooks of trip,
Sept. 4, 1880 - Aug. 1, 1881
- 35. Aug. 2, 1881 - Oct. 20, 1881
- 36.Miscellaneous: list of names;
scratch sheet of plants, Paris; sketch of butter pat, Hotel
St. Romain, 1881; to Jane, Oct. 31, 1880, Rome, from Sarah D. Greenough (cousin); to Asa, Feb. 25, 1881,
Gordon Sq., William Ogle; to Asa, [May 1881], pneumatique from
Lavalle; to Jane & Asa, invitation to International Medical
Congress, London, Aug. 6, 1881; Letters to
Jane Gray from Sue: Jan. 9, 1881 - Sept. 4, 1881
- 37. Montreal, August, 1881: The Grays attended the
meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Montreal. Jane wrote 1 letter to Alice [Gray], her niece, Aug. 27, 1882, 3 sheets. There is also a clipping about the meeting: St. Louis, May, 1884: One letter from Jane Gray to Sue, St.
Louis, May 20, 1884, 1, enclosing a note to Sue from Asa Gray,
dated Buffalo, Thursday morning. September 14 - 21, 1884, Va
and Southern California, Feb. - May, 1885: Letters
written by Jane Gray mostly to Sue.
- 38.Feb. 8, 1885 - [March 16 - March 22]
- 39.[March 23 - March 27] - [April 24 - April 29]
- 40.Jane's diary for
the year, including the trip; to Jane, April 18, 1884 [1885?], Los
Angeles, from W.S. Lyon; mementoes of the trip and
newspaper clippings about it; Wood's Hole, Sept., 1886 (?): Jane
wrote one letter to Sue, dated Saturday.
- Europe, April - Oct., 1887: Letters written by Jane to
- 41.April 18, 1887 - [June 11 - June
- 42.[sic] [June 22 - June 28] -
[Sept. 19 - Sept. 22]; to Jane, Oct. 23, 1887, Beverly Farms, from Ernest Jackson (nephew)translation of Latin speech on Gray's LLD; to Asa, n.d., Wychfield, Cambridge, from Francis Darwin; to Jane, n.d., the Grove, Cambridge, from E. Darwin; to Asa, May 24, 1887, Botanic Garden, Oxford, from Isaac Bayley Balfour; to Jane, May 25, 1887, Fairacres, Oxford, from Agnes Bayley Balfour; to Jane, June 7,
1887, Fairacres, Oxford, from Agnes Bayley Balfour; to Jane, June 1, , Christ Church, Oxford, from Helen B. Paget; to Jane, June
8, Christ Church, Oxford, from Helen B. Paget; to Jane, June 27, Hyde Park, from Nathaniel, Baron Lindley; Galley of Manchester address by Gray, Sept. 1, 1887
- Miscellaneous letters
- 43.to Jane from Sue, n.d., probably 1881 or later; fragment of a letter, pre 1847, describing the Misses L. ... [Jane and Sue] at a gala; undated invitations addressed to Jane and Asa Gray during European trips
- 44.Social invitations to Jane Gray in Cambridge, Mass., mostly undated
- 45.Letters about and bills for wines
- Background on Gray's early life
- 46.Letters from members of Gray's
family about his early life and from others acquainted with his school background,
1888-1889. Information concerning Utica High School.
- 47.Letters, newspaper clippings and other printed materials
pertaining to Fairfield Academy
- 48. Fairfield Seminary Review, Oct. 1888. Contains references to
Asa Gray on p. 5.
- Personal reminiscences,
impressions and anecdotal material
- 49.Jane Gray's reminiscences of Asa Gray -- ms notebook and typed notes
- 50.Reminiscences of people who
worked or studied with Asa Gray: 2 letters from John H. Redfield, 1888; "The Story of Shortia" by C.S. Sargent, 1888; letter from W. W. Bailey in response to Shortia article, 1889; letter from Joseph T. Rothrock, 1888
- 51.Letters to Jane Gray from Torrey family, 1888-1890
- 52.Misscellaneous reminscences, impressions, anecdotes -- letters and newspaper
- Box H:
- Asa Gray Vase
- 53-57. Autograph letters of
contributors to Vase fund; the letters were originally sent to Charles R. Barnes; Walter Deane acquired them and gave
them to the Gray Herbarium (or possibly directly to the Grays). Letters
are arranged alphabetically by contributor.
- 58. Gray's letter of thanks; poems to Gray presented with the vase; articles about the
correspondence concerning the location of the vase -- 1890, 1919, 1940,
1953. See also: "Dr. Gray's 75th Birthday (1885)" -- scrapbook containing letters to Gray and clippings about the vase, in Gray Index Cabinet 2.
- 59.Cambridge L.L.D.,
June 20, 1887: invitations, programs, tickets, copy of speech, newspaper clipping
- 60.Oxford L.L.D., June 22, 1887: Invitations, programs, tickets, copy of
speech, newspaper clipping
- 61.Edinburgh L.L.D., August 1, 1887: invitations,
honors: Missouri Botanical Garden bust, 1883 -- pamphlet about
Lilium Grayi -- described in Curtis's Botanical Magazine, May 1892; N.Y.U. Hall
of Fame -- memorandum concerning wreath for bust; newspaper clippings
- Portraits, busts, etc.
- 63.Letter from Alice Gray to Jane Gray re St. Gauden's relief of
Asa Gray (which is on landing to first floor). Letter re medallion of Asa Gray made by Edward A. Spring. Clippings.
of Gray's life published before he died
- 64.Articles from general and scientific newspapers and magazines, 1873-1886
- 65.Letters and cards received
in Gray's last illness and clipping re illness
- 66.Death announcements; obituaries and other
posthumous accounts of Gray's life; galleys of W.G. Farlow'sMemoir of Asa Gray read before the National Academy
- 67. Tokyo Bot. Mag. II, no. 14,
1888 or 1889 -- with article on Gray
- 68. Oriental Science Magazine, No. 107, Aug. 25, 1890
- 69.no. 108, Sept. 25, 1890 -- with life of Gray by K. Miyabe, given to Mrs.
Gray by author
- 70.The Chautauquan, Sept. 1907, with article on Gray by Charles Reid Barnes, given by author
- 71. Resolutions of various organizations on death of Asa Gray, 1888-1889. Loosely laid in scrapbook. See also: Memorial of Asa
Gray, a scrapbook of clippings about Asa Gray, mostly posthumous.
- 72-76. Letters of sympathy on the death of Asa Gray, 1888; mostly to Mrs. Gray, although some are addressed to Charles Eliot and to
members of the Harvard botanical staff. Arranged alphabetically by sender.
- Box I:
- Mrs. Gray's edition of The Letters of Asa Gray
- 77.Autumn announcement of Houghton Mifflin, Sept. 1893, including notice of The Letters of Asa Gray; 25 revies of The Letters, 1893-1894 and n.d., in chronological order
- 78.Scrapbook with reviews pasted in, 1893-1894 and n.d. Some are duplicates of above.
- 79.Xerox copies of reviews in scrapbook which are
not duplicates of preceding folder
- 80-83. Correspondence pertaining to The Letters Gray. Mostly
letters to Jane Gray thanking her for complimentary copies that she
mailed out. There are a number of letters from relatives and also correspondence with
publisher. Mostly 1893-1894, letters arranged alphabetically by
- Box J:
- 1. & 2. Two address books, n.d.
- 3.Correspondence with scientific societies, 1853-188715 letters
- 4. Correspondence with Harvard College, 1842-1873; letters and copies of letters pertaining to initial
and subsequent appointments and salary; letters pertaining to leave, 1850; copy of
letter pertaining to Farlow's appointment, 1880.
- 5.. Correspondence with University of Michigan: 1838 and 184252 letters
- 6.Wilkes Expedition: agreements signed by Gray and Wilkes; notes on
proposed format of Botany of the expedition
- 7. Letters to George Bentham, 1840-1883 typescript copies
- 8. Letters to William Marriott Canby, 1867-1887 typescript copies
- 9. Letters to Alphonse de Candolle, 1840-1887 typescript copies
- 10. Letters to Richard William
Church, 1853-1887 typescript
- 11. Letters to James Dwight Dana, 1856-1886 typescript copies
Letters to Charles Robert Darwin, 1809-1882 typescript copies
- 13. Letters to Daniel Cady Eaton, 1858-1887typescript copies
- 14. Letters to George Engelmann, 1840-1857typescript and manuscript copies
- 15. Letters to George Engelmann, 1855-1868 typescript and manuscript copies
- 16. Letters to George Engelmann, 1869-1883 typescript copies
- 17. Letters to Sir Edward Fry, 1882-1887 typescript copies
- 18. Letters to Gray
family, 1834-188-, letters are to Asa Gray's father, father, Elsada
(sister), Alice (niece), and Jane Gray typescript and manuscript copies
- 19. Letters to Benjamin Daniel Greene, 1841 typescript
- 20.1 letter from Gray to Joseph Henry, 1838; 3 letters from John
Torrey to Joseph Henry, 1835 typescript copies
Letters to Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, 1844-1887 typescript and manuscript copies
- Box K:
- Correspondence, cont.
- 22. Letters to Sir William Jackson Hooker, 1835-1850 manuscript copies
- 23. Letters to Sir William Jackson Hooker, 1851-1855manuscript copies
- 24. Letters to Sir William Jackson Hooker, 1856-1865 typescript and manuscript copies
- 25. Letters to Gen.
Joseph Howland, 1869 typescript copies
- 26. Letters to Susan
Mary Loring Jackson, 1868 and 1885
- 27. Letters to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Potts James, 1863-1883 typescript copies
- 28. Letters to John Howard Redfield, 1846-1887 typescript copies
- 29. Letters to Joseph Trimble Rothrock, 1878-1879(?) typescript
- 30.Letters to George Thurber, 1854-1876
- 31. Letters to Dr. & Mrs. John Torrey, 1831-1844 typescript copies
- 32. Letters to Dr. & Mrs. John Torrey, 1845-1849typescript and manuscript copies
- 33. Letters to Dr. & Mrs. John Torrey, 1850-1872 typescript copies
- 34. Letters to Dr. John
F. Trowbridge, 1837-1838
- 35. Letters to Charles Wright, 1848-1885 typescript copies
- 36.Letters to George Frederick Wright, 1875-1880 typescript copies
- 37. Letters to unidentified people, 1873 and n.d. typescript and manuscript copies
- Botanical Manuscripts, Notes, etc.
- 1. Gray's notes on Compositae
of Thurber's Collection
- 2. Dr. Gray's measurements of big trees in California, 1872
- 3."Dr. Gray's handwriting" - miscellaneous notes and tidbits
- 4. Memo book
from a European trip
- Notebooks on herbaria, in chronological order:
- 5.< On cover: "Lam Dict herb. Muhl
1834 1840" Inside: Lamarck Dictionary /unittitle>
- 6. On cover: "Hb. Muhl. Nov. 1840" [Herbarium
- 7. On cover:
"Notes made in Herb. Lindl. Feb. 4, 1839, Feb. 25, 1839" [Herbarium Lindley]
- 8. On cover: "Herb.
Walter. Feb. 9, 1839 (1788)"
- 9. On
cover: "Herb. Delessert. April 8, 1839" Inside: Pl. Am. Bor. in Hort. Malmaison, Vent. illustrated
- 10.On cover: "Alsineae Fenzl. Specimens are put with my Caryophyllaceae. A. Gr." Inside: Vindobona [Vienna],
May 29-31, 1839
On cover: "Herb. Reg. Monac." [Munich] Inside: Notabilia in Herb.
Reg. Monacense (June 13-, 1839)
- 12. On cover: "Carices Schkulinana
[of Schkuhr]/ Aug. 2 & 3, 1839 ad Hort. Bot. Halle in camera olim Sprengel"
- 13. On cover: "Herb. Willdenow I Monandria-Triandria (Spec. Pl. Vol. I, pars. 1) Aug. 7-8, 1839" [Berlin]
- 14. On cover: "herb. Willdenow II - Tetrandria-Heptandria. Aug. 8-10, 1839"
- 15. On cover: "Herb. Willdenow III -
Octandria-Monadelphia. aug. 10-12, 1839"
- 16. On cover: "Herb. Willdenow" Aug. 12, 1839"
- 17. On cover: "herb. Willdenow" Inside: "Herb. Willdenow V Syngenesia. Aug. 13, 1839"
- 18. On cover: "Herb. Banks 1839" [Sir Joseph Banks - London] Inside: Herb. Ganks, Autumn (Sept.) 1839/ Old Bartram (William) Little Separate
- Box L:
- Notebooks on herbaria, in
- 19. On cover: "Hb.
Hooker Hb. Paris" Inside: Herb. Hooker [at Kew], Dec. 1850; Herb. Paris; Herb. Jussieu
- 20. On cover: "Hb. Banks & Hb. Lindl. notes 1851.
- 21. On cover:
"Herb. Lindley. April 1851" stamped "Horticultural Society,
21 Regent St." Inside: Herb. Hooker
- 22. On cover: "Herb. Linn. July 1851" [Linnaean Society, London]
- 23. On cover "Herbaria notes 1850-51"
- 24. On cover: "Herb. Webb 1851" [Paris]
On cover: "1851. Herb. Michx." [Michaux]
- 26. On cover: "DC 1851" [De
Candolle -- Geneva]
- 27. On cover: "1869. Herb. Michx. Herb. Jussieu. Herb. Linn."
Inside: Herb. Mus. Paris, 1869. Herb. Michaux; Herb. Mus. Paris GJnJrale & Jussieu;
Linn., Aug. 1869
On cover: "Herb. Plukenet, Herb. Clayton - Brit. Mus. 1869" Inside: Plukenet (Brit. Mus.); Herb. Clayton F. Virginica, Oct. 1869
- 29. On cover: "Notulae
Candolleanae A. Gray, 1869" Inside: Herb. DC, July 1869
- 30. Spine says "Gray" Inside: Memoranda of plants to be consulted or enquired out in Herbaria, Dec. 1870
- 31. On cover: Madrid. Paris. Sherard. Asters
Lindley, etc. Willdenow" Inside: Pl. Herb. Madrid; Herb. Lagasca;
Herb. Paris, Nov. 18, 1880 General; Aster Herb. Michx, Aster Herb. Jussieu; Herb.
Herb. Spach; Herb. Commerson; Asters of Morison Hist. Oxford; Asters Herb. Sherard,
Aster Hb. Lindley; Asters of Herb. Willdenow, Feb. 1881
- 32. On cover: "Revisio Solidaginum in Herb. Ait. [Aiton], Linn. [Linnean], willd. (Willdenow) 1880-1881" Inside: Solidago Herb. Linn. July 12, 1881; Solidago Herb.
Sherard; Solidagines Herb. Smith July 12, 1881; Solidago Ait. Herb. Kewensis Herb. Banks.
- 33.On cover: "Aster, etc. Herb. Paris, rev. Aster & Solidago L.
Nutt DC [Nuttall DeCandolle] 2nd revis. of Willd" [Willdenow] Inside:
March 3 & 4, 1881 - Aster Hb. Jussieu; Herb. Nuttall; May 14, 1881 - Aster Herb. De Candolle; Compositae Herb. De Candolle 1881;
Herb. DeCandolle & Boissier;Compositae Herb. De Candolle 1881; Solidago Hb. Willdenow at Kew June 24, 1881; Herb. Poiret; Herb. Boissier
1881; Herb. Paris; Herb. Jussieu; Herb. Pylaie; Herb. Michaux
- 34. On cover: "Herb. Linn. 1881"
Inside: Annotations Herb. Linn. July 24, 1881
- 35. On cover: "Asters Herb. Linn." Inside: Asters of
Herb. Linn. July 25, 1881
- 36. On cover: blank [apparently notes from 1885 trip to California] Inside: San Diego, Cal. March 22; Big Madrona, San Rafael, March 21; Monterey & San Fr.; April 26; April 28
- 37. On cover: "1887. Humboldt & Bonpland - Paris; Herb. Michaux &
GJnJral - Paris; Herb. Lamarck - Paris; Herb. Jussieu - Paris; Herb. Walter - London"
- 38. On cover:
"MiHino & Sess, Ic Mex" [Icones Mex.] Inside: Herb. Prodromus, De Candolle, May 1887
- 39. On cover: "Ait. [Aiton] Herb. Kewensis"
- 40.On cover: "Banksianae. Orchideae"
- 41. On cover: "Notul. Benth.
[Bentham] Bertol. Misc. Bot." [Bertolini-Miscellanea Botanica, Part 3]
- 42. On cover: "Herb. Gen. Berol.
Part 1" [Berlin]
- 43. On cover: "Herb.
gen. Berol. Part 2. Endogenae"
On cover: "Hb. Boissier"
- 45. On
cover: "Aster Herb. Brit. Mus."
On cover: "Brunonianae" [Robert. Brown]
- 47. On cover: "Notes made with Arnott
Dec. 27-28" Inside: Notes on DeCandolle Prodromus by Arnott
- 48. On cover: "Herb.
DC" Inside: Herb. DeCandolle. Prodromus Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3, Vol. 4,
Vol. 5, part 1 ad fine Solidaginem, Vol. 5 (pars 2) post Solidagines, Vol. 6 &
Vol. 7, pars 1
- 49. On cover: "herb. De Candolle Prodr. 7 pars ined" [unpublished]
- 50. On cover: "Plants of Frank from Ohio, named and distributed by the Unio Itineraria (Herb. Mus.
- 51. On cover: "Geneva (notes on various works)"
- 52. On cover: "Plantae Haenkeanae" [Haenke]
- 53. On cover: "Lupinus. Villosus
Elliott. in Herb. Hook. ; Nootkatensis Unalaschka - St. Petersb. [St.
Petersburg] ; List of Trinius' determinations to grasses sent by either Lindley or Hooker, perhaps both"
- 54. On cover: "Oenotherae
in Herb. Hook."
- 55. On cover: "Ribes in Herb. Hook. am. Sept."
- 56. On cover: "Andromedeae etc. Am. Boreales. Hookerianae, non-nullae" [some]
- 57. On cover: "Herb. Humboldt. Mus. Par. [Paris] Imperfect"
- 58. On cover: "Herb. A. L. Jussieu"
- 59. On cover: "Herb. Kunth"
- 60. On cover: "Herb. Lehmann" [Hamburg]
- 61. On cover:
"Mem(?) Cyperaceae. Herb. Lindl." [Lindley]
- 62. On cover: "Herb. Linn."
- 64. On cover: "Acad. Philad." Inside: Miscellaneous notes on plants
in Herb. Acad. Philad.
- 65. On cover:
"Pursh's Plants in Herb. Lamb." [Lambert - England]
- 67. On
cover: "Herb. de La Pylaie. Mus. Par."
- 68. On cover: "Herb. Sherard. Oxford"
- 69. On cover: "Herb. Webb. Paris"
- 70. Folder containing fragmentary notes: notebook
labeled "Berlin, Vienna, Paris"; unlabeled notebook with miscellaneous notes on plants and addresses
sheets of some of Gray's writings
Proposals for and lists of subscribers to Illustrations of the Genera of Plants of the United
- 3. Clippings
pertaining to publications
- 4.Notebook recording distribution, expenses and receipts of Flora of North America, Part I
- 5.Notebook recording the same for Flora of North America,
- 6.Packet of drawings for
- 7. Agreement
with G.P. Putnam re publication of Botanical Textbook, 1850
- Box AO:
- Scientific Writings For Scientific Audiences:
- 1."Report on Trees of United States": ms draft
in Gray's hand, about 40 pp., with letter to Smithsonian on progress of the report,
dated April 15, 1850. [Report was not completed by Gray and was not published.]
- 2."Rutaceae and Vitaceae": ms draft in Gray's hand; has printer's smudges but is not listed in his
bibliography and does not correspond to those sections of the Synoptical Flora
- 3."Contributions to American Botany: 1. Revision of some Polypetalous Genera and Orders percursory to the Flora of North America and 2. Sertum
Chihuahuense: appendix." : ms draft in Gray's hand ; draft sent to printer, published in
Proc. Am. Acad. XXII, 270-307 ("Communicated Dec. 8, 1886") Synoptical Flora of
North America: [Note: The Synoptical Flora was published in segments over the years.
Vol. II, Part I (Gamopetalae after Compositae) was published in 1878; Vol. I, Part
II (Caprifoliaceae-Compositae) was published in 1884. A collected volume (The Gamopetalae) was published in 1886, consisting of a second edition of Vol. II, Part I and a republication of Vol. I,
Part II with supplementary notes. All of these were the work of Asa Gray. Two more
the flora (Polypetalae) were published after Gray's death, edited by B. L. Robinson and based on Gray's manuscripts as well as contributions by others: Vol. I, Part I, Fascicle 1 (Ranunculaceae-Frankeniaceae, pp. i-ix, 1-208) was published in 1895 and Vol. I, Part I, Fascicle 2 (Caryophylaceae to Polygalaceae, pp. x-xv, 208-506) was published in 1897. In
the following listing, manuscripts are arranged chronologically.] Vol. I, Part II:
earlier draft, not
sent to printer; entirely in Gray's hand; Order LXXIII Compositae
- 4. &  Brief description of compositae, diagnosis of the tribes, synopsis of the genera under their tribes, only
through Tribe III (Asteroideae); does not correspond closely to printed
volume; note on first page says "Began April 2, 1879; Began anew Aug. 1, 1879"  Tribe I. Vernoniaceae  Tribe II. Eupatoriaceae
- 5. Tribe III. Genera
19-29  Tribe III. Genera 30 and beginning to 31  Tribe III. Genus 32  Tribe
III. Genus 32
 Tribe III. Genus 32  Tribe III. Genus 32 (end) & 33  Tribe III. Genus
34  Tribe
III. Genera 35-43  Tribe III. Genera 44-47  Tribe III. Genera 49 & 50 in printed
labeled 50 & 51 in ms
- Vol. I, Part II:manuscript sent to printer; handwriting varies; large sheets
- 6.Caprifoliaceae -- Dipsaceae: in Gray's hand, first page missing
- 7.Compositae -- Keys to sections &
genera: in Gray's hand
-- Tribe 1 Veroniae & Tribe 2, Eupatoriae, Genera 1-18:
mostly copied over in a neat hand with a few sections in Gray's hand
- 9.Compositae -- Tribe 3 Asteroideae, Genera 19-33: partly copied over in a neat hand, partly in Asa Gray's
- Box AP:
- Vol. I, Part II, cont.:
- 10.Compositae -- Tribe 3 Asteroideae, Genera 34-48: mostly in Gray's hand, parts in neat hand
-- Tribes 4 & 5 in part, Genera 53-104: in Gray's hand, missing Genus 52
- 13.Compositae -- Tribe 5 in part,
Genera 105-127: in Gray's hand
- 14.Compositae -- Tribe 6 Helinordeae, Genera 128-169: in Gray's hand
-- Tribes 7 & 8, Genera 170-194: in Gray's hand
- 16.Compositae -- Tribes 9-11, Genera 195-234: in Gray's
hand (Genus 235 on p. 444 is left out)
- Box AQ:
- Vol. I, Part I, Fasc. 1
- 17. Orders I - IX, Ranunculaceae to Fumariaceae: all in Gray's hand, corresponds to pp. vii, 1-98;
VI Nymphaeaceae and VIII Papaveaceae are incomplete
- 18. Order X, Curciferae: in Sereno Watson's hand; only selected genera (rest were
done by B.L. Robinson)
- 19. Orders
XI - XVII, Capparidaceae - Frankeniaceae, and Orders
XIX, XX, XXII - XXVIII, XXXI (two with this number), XXXII, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXIX, XLI
and unnumbered, Portulacaceae - Anacardiaceae,(printed orders XX, XXII, XXIV-XXVIII, XXX, XXXI, XXXIII-XXXVII, XXXIX, XL, XLIII):
in Gray's hand
pieces of copied manuscript, some in B.L. Robinson's hand
- Box AR:
- Vol. I, Part, I, Fasc. 2
- 21.Order XVIII Carophyllaceae: Mostly consists of printed pages mounted on sheets with changed added in B. L. Robinson's hand. Ms. has page numbers in red, 948-1019.
- 22.Manuscript sent to printer: corresponds to pp. ix-xv, 321-475 with gaps, some in B.L. Robinson's hand. Orders XXVI (partial, Malvaceae) to Supplement with some
orders left out, particularly those written by other than Gray Herbarium staff
- Scientific Writings For Popular Audiences:
- 22.5.Genera of the Plants of the United
States Illustrated... Vol. I Boston: James Munroe & Co. 1848; Vol. II
New York: George P. Putnam 1849. Plates by Isaac Sprague. from Vol. I; 6 sheets of
Vol. II, with Gray's annotations; 1 sheet rough sketches. First Lessons in Botany
and Vegetable Physiology ... New York: G.P. Putnam & Co. and Ivison & Phinney, 1857
- 23.Manuscript draft in Gray's hand; corresponding to pp. 1-12 of printed work, with prints of Sprague's illustrations pasted on.
- 24.Corrected proof, pp. 1-70; folded printed sheets, some sections
annotated, others not. Botany for Young People and Common Schools: How Plants
Grow with a Popular Flora. New York: Ivison, Blakeman & Taylor, 1858.
- 25.Corrected proof sheets
for parts of both sections of text.
- 26. Pages with portions of Popular Flora pasted on, followed by descriptions of
families which differ from those published, 56 pp. Possibly intended for an unpublished
- 26.5.Botany for Young
People: How Plants Behave. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., 1872. 2 drawings (signed E.B.) and 15 proofs of drawings (some probably by Isaac Sprague)
- 27."Do Insects
Produce the Flowers upon which they feed": manuscript in Gray's hand, 31
pp. Note indicates it was published in Contemporary Review, April 1882.
- Box AS:
- Scientific Writings For Popular
- 28.The Elements of Botany for Beginners and for schools. New York: Ivison, Blakeman & Co.,
1887. Manuscript in Gray's hand, with illustrations pasted in, appears
to be draft sent to printer, excluding glossary and index. [The book was a revision
Lessons in Botany.]
drawings for Elements ..., probably by Isaac Sprague. Also 3 drawings
that weren't used (appear to be preliminary to one that was used) and 2 proofs of
- 29."Cook's Lectures on Biology" -- review of Boston Monday Lectures, Biology, with Preludes on
Current Events, by Joseph Cook. Boston: Osgood & Co.,
1877, pp. 325. Manuscript in Gray's hand, 36 pp., appears to be draft sent to
printer. Published in New Englander XXXVII, 100-113, 1878. Life and Letters
of Charles Darwin -- sheets of Francis Darwin's book from
which Gray wrote his reviews.
- 30.Sheets of Vol. I, pp. 1-395: parts cut up,
pencil lines in margins. Sheets of Vol. II, pp. 1-355: labeled "1st Rev. in
sheet" and stamped as sent out by printer Feb. 5, 1887; has a few
annotations and a few pieces cut out.
- 31.Sheets of title pages of the three volumes and of index, not
annotated. Sheets of Vol. II, pp. 1-393, slightly annotated and cut up. Sheets
of Vol. III, pp. 1-368, unannotated, apppears not to have been used since most
signatures haven't been cut.
- Personal Notes:
- 32."Memoir of Jeffries Wyman delivered before Boston Society of Natural History": manuscript in Gray's hand, 62 pp. Published in Proc. Bost. Soc.
Nat. Hist. Oct. 7, 1874, pp. 9-37 and Am. J. Sci. III, 9: 81-93,
- 33."Memorial of Joseph Henry": manuscript in Gray's hand, about 50 pp. Published in Smithsonian
Report for 1878, pp. 143-158, and in the Congressional Record,
March 4, 1879, 3-10
- Box AT:
- 34."Dr. Gray's Familiar Lectures on Botany to my daughters when they were children, & he a member of the
family. J.T. (Not published.)" Manuscript in Gray's
hand, about 80 pp.; set up as 7 letters; for John Torrey's daughters.Lowell lectures. Gray was engaged to do a series of 12
lectures that began in early 1844 and then did additional series
in 1845 and 1846. Based on notes in the collection,
Gray devoted the first season's lectures to the "structure and growth, economy
and life of plants," the second season to "flowerless or Cryptagamous plants," and the third season to "systematic and
geographical botany." Notes for the Lowell lectures 1861 or
about that time, 1st, 2nd & 3rd course -- not complete." This is clearly
erroneous as to the date and, based on the description of the courses noted
above, also erroneous as to the courses included, since there do not seem to
be notes covering the topics of the first season. There
are eight folders which seem to correspond to lectures 2-9 of the second
season. There are eleven groups of manuscript which seem
to correspond to subject matter of the 3rd season, but they do not form any
clear sequence. It is likely that they were re-used for other occasions, as
later dates appear on some of the folders and on materials in the groups. All
are manuscripts in Gray's hand.
- 35.Second season notes:
[first lecture missing, by apparently on ferns] "Lect. 2. Equisetaciae, Ferns, Lycopodiaceae ...", 55 pp.
"Lect. 3. (Mosses & Hepaticae)", 28 pp.
"Lect. 4. Hepatica & Lichens" 25 pp. "Lect. 5. Fungi commence ...", 30 pp. "Lect. 6" [Blights, Mildews, Rusts,
Smut], 31pp. and a printed page "Lect. 7. Finish Fungi (Spontaneous
Generation)", 37 pp. and a clipping "Lect. 8. Algae", 26 pp.
"Lect. 9. Lower Algae. Conferrae(?). Diatomiaceae", 47 pp with 2 clippings
- 36.Third season notes:
Section labeled "3rd Course Lowell" in Jane Gray's hand;
gives an introduction, 17 pp. "Lect. I" gives a history of taxonomy, 62 pp. "Lect. 12" explains classification; could
possibly have been meant as last lecture of 1st season; A. Hunter Dupree note
says internal evidence suggests a date of c. 1845. Front cover
also says "March 1852 Lect. 2", 43 pp. "Geographical Distribution
1" - inside sheet labeled "Lect. 10"; another inside sheet is dated "March,
1853" and seems meant for a college course, 17 pp. "Lect. 10" - seems to be plant distribution in relation to heat distribution, 16 pp.
"3, 1862; 2, 1863" - note in Jane Gray's hand says "Lowell Lecture used
later?"; is about plant distribution in relation to relief and distribution of
land and water, 43 pp.