[OASIS] Harvard University Library
OASIS: Online Archival Search Information System
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:FHCL:fal00009View HOLLIS Record   Frames Version
Questions or Comments   Copyright Statement
HOLLIS 9815664

Rubbings from China in the Rübel Collection, Fine Arts Library, Harvard University: Finding Aid

Fine Arts Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: HOLLIS 9815664
Repository: Fine Arts Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Warner, Langdon, 1881-1955; Sickman, L. C. S. (Laurence C. S.); Bell, Hamilton, 1857-1929; Rübel, C. Adrian; and others
Title: Rubbings from China in the Rübel Collection, Fine Arts Library, Harvard University,
Date(s): 1800-1935
Quantity: 91 linear feet
Quantity: 194 boxes (2602 items)
Quantity: Box count is approximate.
Language of materials: Chinese
Abstract: Rubbings, mostly ink on paper, from sites and stelae in China.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Received from: Harvard University. Dept. of Fine Arts in 1984 when the department's Rübel Asiatic Research Bureau was absorbed by: Harvard University. Fine Arts Library.

Processing Information:

In 1988 the collection was inventoried by Jiang Zudi of Beijing University and Yen-shew Chao of Harvard's Fine Arts Library. In July 2007 a project was completed to catalog and digitize each rubbing through the efforts of Miao-Lin Hsu, cataloger in the Fine Arts Library and the Digital Imaging and Photography Group of Harvard College Library. As part of the same project, conservators Heather Hendry and Sarah Reidell of Harvard University's Weissman Preservation Center surveyed the collection; unfolded and flattened rubbings as needed; mended tears, splits and losses; and added backing material as necessary for stability. Cynthia Winters, Preservation Supervisor in the Fine Arts Library, flattened and rehoused the smaller rubbings.

Conditions Governing Access:

Access by appointment only. Applications to consult this material should be directed to the Librarian of the Fine Arts Library.

Conditions Governing Use:

Reproduction and/or publication of materials subject to copyright requires written permission from a) the copyright owner, his/her heirs or assigns and from b) the Fine Arts Library, owner of the original material.

Preferred Citation:

Rubbings from China in the Rübel Collection, Fine Arts Library, Harvard University

Related Materials

Other significant collections of Chinese rubbings may be found in: Harvard Yenching Library; Academia Sinica, Taipei; National Library, Beijing; Peking University, Beijing; Xi'an Beilin (Stele Forest); Field Museum, Chicago; University of California at Berkeley; Kyoto University

Separated Materials

Several scrolls of rubbings are housed separately in the Sackler Museum.

Biographical / Historical

These rubbings were presented to Harvard by scholars and collectors Langdon Warner, Lawrence Sickman, Hamilton Bell, Adrian Rübel, and others. Langdon Warner collected many rubbings in north and northwest China during two Fogg Museum-sponsored expeditions in 1923-1924 and 1925, and he donated others between the 1950s and the 1970s. Seals on some of the rubbings indicate various sources, including the collectors Ruan Yuan (1764-1849) and Duan Fang (1861-1911), and the Graduate School at Beijing University.


Arranged by medium of the work from which each rubbing was made; subarranged by site. Each rubbing has a unique alphanumeric identifier.

Scope and Contents

A collection of rubbings, largely done in ink on paper, from sites and stelae in China, including both images and text. The rubbings were made during the Ming dynasty to approximately the 1940's, and represent examples of Chinese art and calligraphy from Zhou through Qing periods. They are taken from bronzes, jades, stone carvings, stelae, calligraphy models, tomb epitaphs, cave temples, paintings, pictorial bricks, and tiles.
Highlights of the collection include rubbings from Xiaotangshan stone chamber, Wu Liang shrine in Shandong Province dating from the Han Period (206 BCE-220 CE), the Forest of Stelae at Xi'an, and Buddhist grotto sites in Gongxian and Longmen in Henan Province dating from the Northern Wei period (386-534 CE).

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Calligraphy, Chinese
Art, Chinese
Warner, Langdon, 1881-1955
Sickman, L. C. S. (Laurence C. S.)
Bell, Hamilton, 1857-1929
Rübel, C. Adrian, d. 1978
Harvard University. Fine Arts Library