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Call No.: bMS 16031
Repository: Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School, Harvard University
Creator: Unitarian Service Committee.
Title: Unitarian Service Committee. Administrative Records, 1941-1957.
Quantity: 2 boxes
Abstract: Records of the Unitarian Service Committee during a period of Communist accusation and investigation. The records cover 1941-1957.
The Unitarian Service Committee was formed as a standing committee of the American Unitarian Association in May 1940. Its purpose was to be a committee to investigate opportunities both in America and abroad for humanitarian service. During and after World War II, the Unitarian Service Committee aided hundreds of displaced persons in occupied countries, allowing many of them to find passage to the United States. The present-day Unitarian Universalist Service Committee continues to endeavor to advance human rights and social justice throughout the world.
Collection includes correspondence and reports concerning a number of charges that were raised against the USC in 1946. These charges include claims that the work of the USC in Europe was under Communist influences; that some members of the USC, specifically Herta Tempi and Noel Field, were Communists; and that the USC work in Spain was under the control of the Communists. The Wood-Rankin Committee of the House of Representatives investigated the charges concerning Communism. The collection includes correspondence to and from USC members Seth Gano, Charles Joy, William Emerson, Martha Sharp, Noel Field, and Robert Dexter. Correspondence concerning the work of the USC with Spanish refugees, much of which is to and from Helen Bryan, executive secretary of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, (JAFRC) is also included. The predecessors to the JAFRC were the United American Spanish Aid Committee, the Rescue Ship Mission, and the American Committee to Save Refugees.
NOTE: For each entry in the following list, the bMS number indicates the collection number, the number after the slash is the box number, and the number in parentheses is the folder number. Portions of this collection have been digitized for a collaborative project with the U.S. Holocaust Museum and the Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine (CDJC), France. Those items have a "See digital image" link.