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bMS 560

Gregory, Caspar René. Papers, c. 1864-1917: A Finding Aid.

Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School, Harvard University


Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: bMS 560
Repository: Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School, Harvard University
Creator: Gregory, Caspar René
Title: Gregory, Caspar René. Papers, c. 1864-1917.
Date(s): 1864-1917
Quantity: 140 boxes
Abstract: Papers of New Testament theologian, Caspar René Gregory, including writings, sermons, correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, artwork, photographs, and artifacts. The papers span 1864-1917.

Acquisition Information:

The collection was donated to Harvard Divinity School in 1985 by Lucy G. Henderson, Gregory's daughter, and her two children Gregory Henderson and Martha Henderson Coolidge.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Eugene McAfee, Joseph Florez and Fran O'Donnell.


There are no restrictions on access to this collection.

Biographical / Historical

Casper René Gregory (1846-1917) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and studied theology at the University of Pennsylvania (1865-1867) and at Princeton Theological Seminary (1867–1873). In 1873, he decided to continue his studies at the University of Leipzig under Constantin von Tischendorf, to whose work on textual criticism of the New Testament he had been referred by his teacher, Ezra Abbot. In 1876, he obtained his PhD with a dissertation on Gregorè the priest and the revolutionist. He completed his post-doctoral work in Leipzig in 1884, and became an associate professor in 1889 and a full honorary professor in 1891. In 1886 Gregory married Lucy Watson Thayer, the daughter of Joseph Henry Thayer, Professor of NewTestament at Harvard Divinity School. They had several children: Lucy, Greenough, Elinor, and Agnes. In August 1914, Gregory, who had been a citizen of Saxony since 1881, enlisted in the German Army. He became a second lieutenant in 1916 and fell in 1917 on the western front. He died on April 9, 1917 in a field hospital in Neufchâtel-sur-Aisne, France.
Gregory specialized in New Testament textual criticism. He organized biblical manuscripts into a classification system (Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments, 1908) which is the system in use throughout the scholarly world today.


Organized into the following series:

Scope and Contents

This varied collection consists of correspondence, writings and research, much of which is in German, photographs, drawings, and artifacts. The collection is arranged into sixteen series that includes sermons, lectures, and notes, as well as artwork by Gregory and his son, Greenough. In addition, there is material related to Gregory's military career and artifacts and memoribilia from Gregory's extensive travels and archeological trips. Finally, the collection also contains the records of Gregory's wife, Lucy Thayer Gregory, including correspondence, diaries, and financial records.

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