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Mss:7635 1760-1840 P598

Pico, Joshua, 1732-1807. Joshua Pico Business Records, 1760-1840 (inclusive): A Finding Aid

Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University

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Harvard Business School, Boston MA 02163.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: Mss:7635 1760-1840 P598
Repository: Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Creator: Pico, Joshua
Title: Joshua Pico business records,
Date(s): 1760-1840 (inclusive)
Quantity: 1 linear foot (6 vols.)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: This collection consists of six volumes of account books of Boston, Massachusetts, packager and cooper Joshua Pico (1732-1807) and his business partners, including Samuel Treat (died 1766), dated 1760-1840, recording charges for packing, heading, gauging, full-binding, repacking, and branding hogsheads and barrels of commodities like fish, molasses, and oil. Customers included Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814; Harvard AB 1762, MA 1765), Samuel A. Otis (1740-1814; Harvard AB 1759), John Adams (1735-1826; Harvard AB 1755), John Hancock (1737-1793; Harvard AB 1754), and John Rowe (1715-1787).

Provenance:

Gift, estate of George C. Dempsey, 1945.

Processing Information:

Processed: June 2017
By: Brooke McManus
Preservation and description were supported by the Arcadia-funded Colonial North American Project at Harvard University.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is open for research.
Materials stored onsite. Please contact histcollref@hbs.edu for more information.

Preferred Citation:

Cite as: Joshua Pico business records. Baker Library, Harvard Business School.

Biographical Note:

Joshua Pico (1732-1807) was a packager and cooper in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a member of the Sons of Liberty during the American Revolutionary War. Pico partnered with fellow merchant and cooper Samuel Treat (died 1766) for part of the 1760s, and later went into business as Pico & Avis in about 1777. Pico packed, headed, gauged, repacked, and branded hogsheads and barrels for other merchants. The commodities he traded included fish, such as mackerel and alewife, molasses, wine and liquor, flour, potash, and oil. He also occasionally constructed or mended furniture.

Scope and Content Note:

This collection consists of six volumes of account books of Boston, Massachusetts, packager and cooper Joshua Pico (1732-1807) and his business partners, including Samuel Treat (died 1766), dated 1760-1840, recording charges for packing, heading, gauging, full-binding, repacking, and branding hogsheads and barrels of commodities like fish, molasses, and oil. Customers included Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814; Harvard AB 1762, MA 1765), Samuel A. Otis (1740-1814; Harvard AB 1759), John Adams (1735-1826; Harvard AB 1755), John Hancock (1737-1793; Harvard AB 1754), and John Rowe (1715-1787).
Accounts for Treat & Pico appear until shortly after Treat's death in 1766. Pico and Treat were apparently also involved in mercantile voyages to the Caribbean and the West Indies, and there are accounts related to "adventures" to Jamaica and Guadeloupe. By 1777, Pico had gained a new partner, and accounts reflected charges by Pico & Avis. The collection also contains some personal receipts of Pico and merchant correspondence.
Additional customers include: Leonard Jarvis (1742-1813); Thomas Boylston (1721-1798); Melatiah Bourn (1722-1778); Daniel Sargent (1730-1806); Thomas Brattle (1742-1801; Harvard AB 1760); Joseph Barrell (1739-1804); Thomas Cushing (1725-1788; Harvard AB 1744); and the firms of John & William Powell and Benjamin Greene & Son.
Later accounts in the last volume from approximately 1805-1840 are attributed to Boston cooper John Bray (1761-1829) and the company of J. & J. Child, but it is unclear if they had a business relationship with Pico.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Barrels.
Coopers and cooperage -- Massachusetts -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Dry-goods -- Packing.
Fish trade -- Massachusetts -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Marketing -- Massachusetts.
Molasses industry -- Massachusetts -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Packing for shipment -- Massachusetts -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Packing for shipment -- Massachusetts -- 18th century.
Rum trade -- Massachusetts -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Shipment of goods -- Massachusetts -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Shipment of goods -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Staves and stave trade -- Massachusetts --Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Whale oil.
Boston (Mass.) -- Commerce.
Account books.
Correspondence.
Daybooks.
Ledgers.
Adams, John, 1735-1826.
Annas, Elizabeth.
Barrell, Joseph, 1739-1804.
Benjamin Greene & Son.
Bourn, Melatiah, 1722-1778.
Boylston, Thomas, 1721-1798.
Brattle, Thomas, 1742-1801.
Bray, John, 1761-1829.
Cushing, Thomas, 1725-1788.
Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814.
Hancock, John, 1737-1793.
Howland, Nathaniel, Jr.
J. & J. Child.
Jarvis, Leonard, 1742-1813.
John & William Powell.
Lloyd, Henry, 1709-1795.
Otis, Samuel Allyne, 1740-1814.
Pico & Avis.
Pico, Joshua, 1732-1807.
Rowe, John, 1715-1787.
Sargent, Daniel, 1730-1806.
Somes, Nehemiah, 1737-1812.
Spooner, George.
Treat & Pico.
Treat, Samuel, d. 1766.

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