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Mss:766 1782-1842 H961

Hurd family. Hurd family business papers, 1782-1842 (inclusive): A Finding Aid

Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University

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Harvard Business School, Boston MA 02163.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: Mss:766 1782-1842 H961
Repository: Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Creator: Hurd family.
Title: Hurd family business papers
Date(s): 1782-1842
Quantity: 1.46 linear feet (4 boxes)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: This collection contains financial records, legal documents, and correspondence of Boston, Massachusetts, merchant Joseph Hurd (1752-1842) and his sons, Joseph, Jr. (1778-1857), William (1780-1872), and Thomas (born 1787), dated from 1782 to 1842.

Provenance:

Gift of Gorham Dana, 1931, 1932, 1942.

Processing Information:

Processed: May 2016
By: Brooke McManus
The Hurd family business papers were previously cataloged and arranged in seven "volumes" according to document type or correspondent. The collection was rehoused and a finding aid was created in 2016 as part of the Arcadia-funded Colonial North American Project at Harvard University.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is open for research.
Materials stored onsite. Please contact histcollref@hbs.edu for more information.

Preferred Citation:

Cite as: Hurd family business papers. Baker Library. Harvard Business School.

Related Material:

Joseph Hurd personal and family papers, 1800-1845. Boston Athenæum.

Biographical Note:

Joseph Hurd (1752-1842) and his sons, Joseph, Jr. (1778-1857), William (1780-1872), and Thomas (born 1787), were engaged in commerce and shipping in Boston, Massachusetts, from the late 18th century to the mid 19th century. They traded goods including, textiles, oil, and sugar, which were exported to England and Europe, and they imported items like linen and muslin to sell in Boston.
Joseph Hurd was born in Boston on December 21, 1752. He married Hannah Kettell and at some point moved to Charlestown, Massachusetts, where his children were born, including Joseph, Jr., William, Thomas, and Isaac (1785-1856; Harvard AB 1806), who did not follow in the family business but became a minister. Joseph Hurd owned land in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and later in life, he moved to Portsmouth. He also was a founder of the Harvard Church in Charlestown.
Joseph Hurd, Jr., graduated from Harvard College, where he was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, in 1797. He worked a short time for his father, and he then partnered with his brother, William, to import and export commodities like oil and sugar. Joseph, Jr., patented a process for refining sugar, and his interest in and study of science occupied his time after he retired from trade following the War of 1812.
William Hurd, after his partnership with Joseph ended, briefly did business with Boston shipping merchant Seth Knowles, trading goods such as wool, pot ash, flour, and hosiery, under the name of Knowles & Hurd, from about 1810 to 1811. By the 1820s, William mainly exported wool, satinette, and cassimere (cashmere), and he and younger brother Thomas owned the Chelmsford Woollen Manufactory. William also operated a store on Congress Street in Boston.

Series Outline

The collection is arranged in the following series:

Scope and Content Note:

This collection contains financial records, legal documents, and correspondence of Boston, Massachusetts, merchant Joseph Hurd (1752-1842) and his sons, Joseph, Jr. (1778-1857), William (1780-1872), and Thomas (born 1787), dated from 1782 to 1842.
Legal papers and government documents include deeds for land in Massachusetts and New Hampshire owned by Joseph, Sr., papers and correspondence related to the capture of cargo owned by Joseph, Jr., and William in 1807, and estate documents of Joseph, Sr. The financial records include accounts current, bills and invoices, and accounts of sales, primarily related to William's business exporting wool, satinette, and cassimere. The business correspondence is mainly addressed to Joseph, Jr., and William during their partnership and while they operated individually as merchants, from American and foreign counting houses and merchants; topics of the letters were prices of goods, imports, exports, shipping matters, and politics. There is also a small amount of personal correspondence of the Hurd family.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Commerce -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Export marketing -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Imports.
International economic relations -- History -- 19th century.
Merchants -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Privateering -- 19th century.
Prize law -- Cases -- 19th century.
Prize-courts -- Malta.
Retail trade -- 19th century.
Shipping -- Great Britain -- 19th century.
Shipping -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Textile industry -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Trading companies.
Wholesale trade -- 19th century.
Wool industry -- Massachusetts -- 19th century.
Correspondence.
Deeds.
Invoices.
Legal instruments.
Boston (Mass.) -- Economic conditions -- 19th century.
London (England).
New York (N.Y.).
United States -- Commerce -- Great Britain.
United States -- Commercial policy -- 19th century.
United States -- History -- War of 1812.
Appleton, Nathan, 1779-1861.
Cushing, Thomas.
Hurd, Isaac, 1785-1856.
Hurd, Joseph, 1752-1842.
Hurd, Joseph, 1778-1857.
Hurd, Thomas, b. 1787.
Hurd, William, 1780-1872.
Knowles, Seth.
Morrall, Cyrus.
Ritchie, William.
Eclipse (Brig).
Hall, Northage & Hardwick.
J. & J. Stewart & Co.
Joseph & William Hurd.
Knowles & Hurd.
Morrall & Borland.
Richard & George Gould.
Thomas Dickason & Co.

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