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Mss:442 1831-1936

Tremont and Suffolk Mills Records, 1831-1936: A Finding Aid

Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University


Harvard Business School, Boston MA 02163.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: Mss:442 1831-1936
Repository: Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Creator: Tremont and Suffolk Mills
Title: Tremont and Suffolk Mills records
Date(s): 1831-1936
Quantity: 12 linear feet (106 volumes, 8 boxes)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: Records of Lowell, Mass. cotton manufacture Tremont & Suffolk Mills.


Gift of Nashua Manufacturing Company, 1947.

Preferred Citation:

Cite as: Tremont and Suffolk Mills Records. Baker Library Historical Collections. Harvard Business School.

Historical Note:

The Tremont Mills and Suffolk Manufacturing Co., originally separate entities, were both founded in 1831. In 1871 businessman and industrialist Federick Ayer, with is brother James C. Ayer, purchased a controlling interest in the Tremont Mills and the Suffolk Manufacturing Co. of Lowell, Mass. The Ayer brothers consolidated the companies to form the Tremont and Suffolk Mills. The company manufactured jeans, cotton flannels, shirtings and print cloth. Tremont and Suffolk Mills was absorbed by the Nashua Manufacturing Company in the early 20th century.

Series Outline

The collection is arranged in the following series:

Scope and Content Note:

These are incomplete records of two early Lowell cotton mills, started in 1831, joined in 1871, and finally absorbed by the Nashua Manufacturing Company in 1926. The collection is fairly strong for the early period, and there are several series of letters. The papers relating to sales in China (1905-1910) and to relations with the Locks and Canals Company (1878-1886) are of particular interest. Includes treasurers' letters of Henry Hall, Henry V. Ward, Walter Hastings, William A. Burke, J. C. Ayer, J. C. Birdseye, A. S. Covel, and Charles F. Young, and agents' letters of Israel Whitney, John Aiken, Charles L. Tilden, Charles F. Battles, John Wright, Thomas S. Shaw, E. W. Thomas, and J. J. Connell.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Cotton manufacture--Massachusetts.
Textile industry--Massachusetts.
Working class--Massachusetts.
Account books.
Battles, Charles F.
Birdseye, J.C.
Burke, William A.
Connell, J.J.
Covel, A.S.
Hall, Henry
Hastings, Walter
Shaw, Thomas S.
Thomas, E.W.
Tilden, Charles L.
Whitney, Israel
Wright, John
Young, Charles F.
Tremont and Suffolk Mills.
Tremont Mills.
Suffolk Manufacturing Company.
Nashua Manufacturing Company.
Proprietors of Locks and Canals on Merrimack River.