National Child Labor Committee Photographs, 1908-1923: A Finding Aid
Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Harvard Business School, Boston MA 02163.
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: Vis 5
Repository: Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Creator: National Child Labor Committee
Title: National Child Labor Committee Photographs
Quantity: .5 linear feet (1 box)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: The collection includes black and white gelatin silver print photographs, the majority
taken by Lewis Hine, for the National Child Labor Committee, 1908-1923.
Processed: May 2011
By: Benjamin Johnson
Cite as: National Child Labor Committee Photographs. Baker Library Historical Collections.
Harvard Business School.
The Library of Congress holds a large collection of National Child Labor Committee
photographs. See The Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Department for more
The National Child Labor Committee was formed after a conference held in New York
between Edgar Gardner Murphy's Alabama Child Labor Committee and the New York Child
Labor Committee in 1904. The non-profit organization was a leading proponent for the
national child labor reform movement and sought ways to remedy the situation that
saw 1 in 6 children working in factories at the turn of the 20th century. The NCLC
hired New York City based sociology professor Lewis Hine in 1908 to photograph the
working and living conditions of young children. Hine's photographs provided the American
public with a sobering view of working conditions in factories and mills and living
conditions of children. Many of Hine's photographs were published nationally, which
attracted attention and initiated reform movements and national legislation.
This collection of National Child Labor Committee photographs contains twenty black
and white gelatin silver print photographs of workplace and living environments during
the beginning of the twentieth century. The photographs were taken in Massachusetts,
South Carolina, West Virginia, and New York between 1908 and 1923. Hine's images captured
children at work in glass factories, textile mills, canneries, and outside the workplace.
Each photograph has a number on the back, which was given by Hine.
- Series I. National Child Labor Committee photographs
- Box 1, Folder 1Child Labor Today postcard
- Hine no. 0023-A. Box 1, Folder 2Postal Telegraph Boy. David Caplan, 9 Monroe Street. Said he was 15 years old. Works
from 11 P.M. to 8 A. M., often down around the docks, New York City, circa 1908
- Hine no. 0085. Box 1, Folder 3The "Carrying-in Boy," In an Indiana Glass Works, 1:00 A. M., August, 1908
- Hine no. 0117. Box 1, Folder 4A. D. T. Messenger Boy, Indianapolis, 10 P.M., August 1908
- Hine no. 0161. Box 1, Folder 5Midnight in a Glass Works in Grafton, W. Va. Boys at the "Glory-Hole" where object
is reheated before going to finisher, September 1908
- Hine no. 0068. Box 1, Folder 6Boys at Lehr glass works, West Virginia, October 1908.
- Hine no. 0173. Box 1, Folder 7Mannington Glass Works. Uses no small boys (below 15): These are average: manager
said they do not believe in working boys that ought to be in school. Say it pays to
use large boys, as they pay them same as small ones--$1 a day: employ 60 men and 30
boys 15 to 18 years: no young girls, October 1908
- Hine no. 0195. Box 1, Folder 8Boy working at double circular saws. N.Y. Dimension Supply Co., Evansville, Ill.,
- Hine no. 0325. Box 1, Folder 9Wylie Mills, Chester, S.C. and settlement of houses. No schools for all these people,
- Hine no. 0329. Box 1, Folder 10Springstein Mill, Chester, S.C. Malcolm Rogers (Boy with hat) 54 inches high. Be[e]n
in mill 3 years. Started at 25 cents and now makes $1.00 a day. Spins part time and
doffer part time. Other boy goes to school and helps in mill afternoons and Saturdays.
Witness S.R. Hine, November 1908
- Hine no. 0470. Box 1, Folder 11Bertha Thomas. Been in mill work 2 years. Johnnie Thomas, "helps sister" all the time
now. This is a popular method of evading the law. They work in Atherton Mill, January
- Hine no. 0676. Box 1, Folder 13Spinners and doffers in the Interlaken Mill, Arkwright, R. I. Girl in front, Amelia,
is a spooler. Small Mill, April 1909
- Hine no. 0979. Box 1, Folder 14Scene in More-Jonas [i.e., Jones?] Glass Co., Bridgeton, N.J. Several young boys are
to be seen in photo, November 1909
- Hine no. 2417. Box 1, Folder 15Sardine canneries at Eastport, Maine, August 1911
- Hine no. 2841. Box 1, Folder 16Man straining to carry heavy bundle of clothing. They carry these for long distances,
often. East Side, N.Y., February 1912
- Hine no. 2963. Box 1, Folder 17Other junk (See #2962). A pile of scrap machinery outside the Carolina Cotton Mill.
This kind cost money. Who cares about the other kind?, Spartanburg, SC., May 1912
- Hine no. 4251. Box 1, Folder 18, Harness maker. See 4158, Fall River, Mass., June 12-20, 1916 Harness maker. See 4158, Fall River, Mass., June 12-20, 1916
- Hine no. 4649. Box 1, Folder 19[Boys "linking" bed-springs. 14 and 15 years old.], Boston, Mass., January 25, 1917
- Hine no. 4914. Box 1, Folder 20Grande, Philomena, 218 Thompson Street, N.Y.C., making and finishing coats, earns
about $1. a day. Jennie, age 13 and Edmond age 9 work steadly and do not get much
chance for recreation. Taken by Hiram Myers, Photo, Publicity Dept., N.Y.C., March