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Mss:761 1850-1860 G814

Greenleaf and Hubbard. Greenleaf and Hubbard Business Records, 1850-1860 (inclusive): A Finding Aid

Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University


Harvard Business School, Boston MA 02163.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: Mss:761 1850-1860 G814
Repository: Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Title: Greenleaf and Hubbard business records
Date(s): 1850-1860
Quantity: 5 linear feet (19 volumes, 4 boxes, 3 cartons)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: Records of a cotton commission firm of New Orleans, mainly correspondence with treasurers of New England cotton mills.


Gift of A.W. Soule, 1957

Processing Information:

Processed: 1997

Conditions Governing Access:

Collection is open for research. Materials stored offsite; access requires advance notice. Contact specialcollectionsref@hbs.edufor more information.

Preferred Citation:

Cite as: Greenleaf and Hubbard Collection. Baker Library Historical Collections. Harvard Business School.

Related Materials

Historical Note:

James Greenleaf, son of Simon and Hannah (Kingman) Greenleaf, was born June 15, 1814. He attended Dartmouth College. After graduating, Greenleaf moved to New Orleans and in 1851 formed a partnership with Daniel Hubbard who was a commission merchant, specializing in the cotton trade. Greenleaf and Hubbard began their association with John A. Burnham, a Boston-based agent, representing numerous northern textile mills. Greenleaf and Hubbard purchased cotton to meet the needs of mills, negotiated prices and other financial terms, arranged for transportation of cotton from New Orleans to northern ports, and communicated news about the New Orleans' cotton market with mills, manufacturing companies, and their agents.
Greenleaf's northern family ties were strong. He married Mary Longfellow, daughter of Stephen and Zilpha (Wadsworth) Longfellow. While living in New Orleans, the Greenleafs traveled to Cambridge, Massachusetts, during the summer months to be near their relatives. Eventually, they built a house in Cambridge. Greenleaf was a staunch Union man, so the partnership of Greenleaf and Hubbard dissolved in May 1860 due to tensions preceding the Civil War. At the outbreak of war, Greenleaf's property in New Orleans was seized, but was restored to him at the close of the hostilities. Greenleaf died suddenly on August 22, 1865.

Scope and Content Note:

The collection consists mainly of freight accounts, invoices, receipts, bills of lading, letterbooks, bills paid, check stubs, letters of introduction, account books, canceled checks and letters received for the partnership of Greenleaf and Hubbard. Majority of material concerns the sale of cotton to textile mills. These include: Salmon Falls Mfg. Co.; Stark Mills; Manchester Print Works; Nashua Mfg. Co.; Amoskeag Mfg. Co.; Wamsutta Mills; Massachusetts Cotton Mills; York Mfg. Co.; Hamilton Woolen Company; Appleton Mfg. Co.; Boott Mills; Chicopee Mfg. Co.; Kennebec Co.; New England Worsted Co.; Saxonville Mills; Lancaster Mills; Lyman Mills; Hill Mfg. Co.; Great Falls Mfg. Co.; Perkins Mills; and Lawrence Mfg. Co. Few personal references are included in this collection; however, the tone of letters sent to John Burnham (included in letterbooks) tend to be more conversational and less formal. Burnham frequently recommended Greenleaf and Hubbard to his clients in the north. Material in cartons 24-26 are bundled and wrapped with original paper labels.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Cotton trade -- Louisiana.
Cotton trade -- New England.
Wholesale trade.
Boston (Mass.) -- Commerce.
New Bedford (Mass.) -- Commerce.
New Orleans (La.) -- Commerce.
Bills of lading.
Commission merchants.
Amory, Charles.
Amory, James S.
Amory, William.
Batchelder, Samuel, 1784-1879.
Cary, Thomas G.
Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson, 1831-1920.
Lyman, George W.
Ward, Henry V.
Whitney, Israel.
Greenleaf and Hubbard.
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.
Appleton Manufacturing Company.
American Insurance Company.
Atlantic Cotton Mills.
Bryant and Sturgis.
Boott Cotton Mills.
Chicopee Manufacturing Company.
Gardner and Brewer.
Gardner and Coolidge.
Great Falls Manufacturing Company.
Kennebec Company.
Hamilton Manufacturing Company.
Hamilton Woolen Company.
Hill Manufacturing Company.
Lancaster Mills.
Lyman Mills.
Lawrence Manufacturing Company.
Mason and Lawrence.
Manchester Print-Works.
Massachusetts Cotton Mills.
Merchants Bank (Boston, Mass.)
Nashua Iron Company.
Nashua Manufacturing Company.
New England Worsted Company.
Perkins Mills.
Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company.
Stark Mills.
Saxonville Mills.
Wamsutta Mills.
York Manufacturing Company.
William Appleton and Company.