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Mss:766 1797-1802 A524

Amory, Thomas Coffin, 1767-1812. Thomas Coffin Amory Papers, 1797-1802 (inclusive): A Finding Aid

Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University

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Harvard Business School, Boston MA 02163.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: Mss:766 1797-1802 A524
Repository: Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Title: Thomas Coffin Amory papers
Date(s): 1797-1802 (inclusive)
Quantity: 1.2 linear feet (1 volume, 1 box)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: This collection consists of a letter book, and copies of correspondence removed from a letter book, from Boston merchant Thomas Coffin Amory to other merchants, ship captains, agents, and associates, most likely in the hand of a clerk, dated 1797 to 1802. Letters relate to foreign trade, import, and consignment of assorted commodities like New England rum, molasses, coffee, firearms, and cochineal, as well as politics and economic conditions.

Provenance:

The Thomas Coffin Amory papers were a gift of Mary L. Amory in 1934.

Processing Information:

Processed: February 2017
By: Brooke McManus
Preservation and description of the Thomas Coffin Amory papers were supported in part by the Colonial North America at Harvard Library Project.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is open for research.
Materials stored onsite. Please contact specialcollectionsref@hbs.edu for more information.

Preferred Citation:

Cite as: Thomas Coffin Amory Papers. Baker Library, Harvard Business School.

Biographical Note:

Thomas Coffin Amory, merchant and store owner, was born in 1767 in Boston, Massachusetts, to Thomas and Elizabeth (Coffin) Amory. He sold goods that he imported at retail, and goods on consignment for others at standard commercial rates. Amory partnered with his cousin, William Payne, and later with his brother, Jonathan Amory (1770-1828; Harvard AB 1778). He owned stakes in voyages, frequently chartering vessels with Newburyport businessman and mariner Ebenezer Stocker (circa 1753-1816) to the West Indies and Calcutta, India. Amory imported or traded commodities and goods including molasses, flour, fish, rum, coffee, firearms, and pearl and pot ashes. In addition, he acted as an agent for merchants in other parts of the country and overseas and provided banking and money lending services. Amory also offered apprenticeships to many local young men in his counting house.
Amory married Hannah Rowe Linzee (1770-1846) in 1795, and they had eight children. He died after suffering a stroke in 1812.

Scope and Content Note:

This collection consists of a letter book, and copies of correspondence removed from a letter book, most likely in the hand of a clerk, from Boston merchant Thomas Coffin Amory to other merchants, ship captains, agents, and associates, dated 1797 to 1802. Letters relate to foreign trade, import, and consignment of assorted commodities and goods like New England rum, molasses, coffee, firearms, and cochineal, as well as politics and economic conditions.
Amory's letters mention voyages to Halifax, Liverpool, Havana, Martinique, Teneriffe, Vera Cruz, and Spain. In addition to business matters, letters reference British and French privateering, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Quasi-War.
The Newburyport, Massachusetts, firm of Farris & Stocker was a frequent correspondent, and after that partnership dissolved, Amory continued doing business with mariner and merchant Ebenezer Stocker (circa 1753-1816.) Stoker and Amory chartered a number of mercantile voyages together. Other correspondents include Portland, Maine, merchants Samuel Waldo (1762-1798), James Deering (1766-1850), and Thomas Hodges, Robert Hazlehurst & Co. of South Carolina, Israel Thorndike (1755-1832) of Beverly, Massachusetts, and Samuel Breck, Jr. (1771-1862) of Philadelphia, as well as William Codman and Captain Joseph Tilden.
Amory's letters often contained news of the arrivals and departures of vessels owned by other merchants, updates on the market in Boston for various imported goods and prices current, and information regarding business associates and their activities. There are also letters to a woman named Ruth Jewett regarding the consignment of her sugar and cotton and her stake in a voyage to Calcutta.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Coffee industry -- 18th century.
Consignment sales -- Massachusetts -- 18th century.
Dry goods.
Export marketing -- Massachusetts -- 18th century.
Firearms industry and trade -- United States -- 18th century.
Fish trade -- 18th century.
Marine insurance.
Merchants -- Massachusetts -- 18th century.
Marketing -- 18th century.
Molasses industry -- 18th century.
Negotiable instruments.
Potash industry and trade -- 18th century.
Pricing -- 18th century.
Privateering -- 18th century.
Retail trade.
Second Coalition, War of the, 1798-1801
Sugar trade -- 18th century.
Wholesale trade.
Women merchants -- 18th century.
Correspondence.
Letter books.
Boston (Mass.) -- Commerce.
France -- Foreign relations -- United States.
Halifax (N.S.) -- Commerce.
Liverpool (England) -- Commerce.
Massachusetts -- Economic conditions -- History -- 1775-1865.
Spain -- Commerce.
Tenerife (Canary Islands) -- Commerce.
United States -- Foreign relations -- France.
United States -- History -- 1797-1801.
United States -- Politics and government -- 1797-1801.
West Indies -- Commerce.
Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico) -- Commerce.
Newburyport (Mass.) -- Commerce.
Amory, Thomas C. (Thomas Coffin), 1767-1812.
Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862.
Deering, James, 1766-1850.
Higginson, Stephen, 1743-1828.
Hodges, Thomas.
Jewett, Ruth.
Sheafe, Jacob, 1745-1829.
Stocker, Ebenezer, circa 1753-1816.
Thorndike, Israel, 1755-1832.
Waldo, Samuel, 1762-1798.
Farris & Stocker.
Forsyth, Smith & Co.
James Stewart & Co.
Peppin & Satterthwaite.
Robert Hazlehurst & Co.
Thomas Dickason & Co.

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