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Nicholls, H. A. Alford (Henry Alfred Alford), 1851-1926. Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls diary, 1891: A Guide.

Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Botany Libraries, Harvard University
Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Botany Libraries, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: arn00005
Repository: Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Botany Libraries, Harvard University
Creator: Nicholls , H. A. Alford (Henry Alfred Alford), 1851-1926
Title: Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls diary
Date(s): 1891
Quantity: 1 collection (1 volume in shared box AJ)
Language of materials: English

Provenance:

The Nicholls diary was obtained by Richard A. Howard of the Arnold Arboretum in 1950 from Magie Nicholls, daughter of H.A.A. Nicholls. Note: A typescript of the diary was prepared after it was acquired and is kept in the library stacks.

Processing Information:

Processed by Lynne McWhood
November 1982

Conditions Governing Access:

The collection is available by appointment for research. Researchers must register and provide two forms of valid photo identification. Please contact botref@oeb.harvard.edu for additional information.

Preferred Citation:

Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls diary, Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Harvard University.

Biography

Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls was born in London on September 27, 1851. He received M.B. and C.M. degrees from the University of Aberdeen in 1873 and an M.D. at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, in 1875. After receiving his M.D., he served as Assistant Medical Officer in Dominica where he remained for the rest of his life. He married Marion Crompton in 1877 and they had four sons and six daughters. He was promoted to Chief Medical Officer in 1904 and held the post until his retirement on July 31, 1925. He died on February 9, 1926.
In addition to his medical duties, Nicholls was interested in botany and agriculture. He was a regular correspondent of Kew, a major supporter of the Dominica Botanica Garden, and the author of a textbook on tropical agriculture. He "is credited with the discovery of the Boiling Lake in Dominica," and he "has a mountain and a parrot named after him." Heis said to have been known as "The Uncrowned King of Dominica."
Sources
Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls diary, 1891. Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Harvard University.
Jackson BD. 1925-1926. [Untitled obituary notice.] Proc. Linn. Soc. London. 138:94-95.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Henry Alford Nicholls. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1926(4):192.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of one volume of 169 pages, "a report-diary of excursions through Lesser Antilles from Tobago to Dominica on a survey of the prevalence of yaws, Dr. Nicholls' specialty. Includes comments on the customs, botany, zoology and history of the area..." Entries are from May 1, 1891 to June 18, 1891. [Description quoted from R.A. Howard note.]

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