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Call No.: arn00005
Repository: Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Botany Libraries, Harvard University
Creator: Nicholls , H. A. Alford (Henry Alfred Alford), 1851-1926
Title: Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls diary
Quantity: 0.1 linear feet (1 volume in file cabinet 11)
Language of materials: English
Henry Alfred Alford Nicholls was born in London on September 27, 1851. He received M.B. and C.M. degrees from the University of Aberdeen in 1873 and an M.D. at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, in 1875. After receiving his M.D., he served as Assistant Medical Officer in Dominica where he remained for the rest of his life. He married Marion Crompton in 1877 and they had four sons and six daughters. He was promoted to Chief Medical Officer in 1904 and held the post until his retirement on July 31, 1925. He died on February 9, 1926.In addition to his medical duties, Nicholls was interested in botany and agriculture. He was a regular correspondent of Kew, a major supporter of the Dominica Botanica Garden, and the author of a textbook on tropical agriculture. He "is credited with the discovery of the Boiling Lake in Dominica," and he "has a mountain and a parrot named after him." Heis said to have been known as "The Uncrowned King of Dominica."SourcesHenry Alfred Alford Nicholls diary, 1891. Archives of the Arnold Arboretum (Cambridge), Harvard University.Jackson BD. 1925-1926. [Untitled obituary notice.] Proc. Linn. Soc. London. 138:94-95.Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Henry Alford Nicholls. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1926(4):192.
The collection consists of one volume of 169 pages, "a report-diary of excursions through Lesser Antilles from Tobago to Dominica on a survey of the prevalence of yaws, Dr. Nicholls' specialty. Includes comments on the customs, botany, zoology and history of the area..." Entries are from May 1, 1891 to June 18, 1891. [Description quoted from R.A. Howard note.]