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Call No.: II A-8 HMR
Repository: Archives of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University
Creator: Raup, Hugh Miller, 1901-1995.
Quantity: 4 linear feet (1 boxes)
Hugh Miller Raup was born on his family's farm in Springfield, Ohio on February 1, 1901 to Gustavus Phillip and Fannie (Mitchell) Raup. He attended Wittenberg College, receiving an A.B. in 1923. Immediately following his graduation, Raup was appointed as an instructor in biology, a position he held while pursuing his A.M. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1928, and was promoted to Assistant Professor at Wittenburg. Raup left Wittenburg College in 1932 to serve as a Research Assistant and Associate at Harvard, a position he held from 1932 to 1938. Raup's association with Harvard included the Arnold Arboretum, the Black Rock Forest, the Harvard Forest, and the Department of Biology.In 1935, Raup published "Notes of the Early Uses of Land Now in the Arnold Arboretum." This study examined the historical influences, both natural and man made, that shaped the landscape. He challenged prior conceptions about the ecological history of the Arnold Arboretum, particularly the notion that historically, Hemlock Hill had been a pristine section of land. Much of Raup's work revolved around such an examination of historical influences on New England, Honduran, and Cuban landscapes, which was a relatively revolutionary approach. Other remarkable research included a phytogeographic survey of the Peace River region of Alberta and British Columbia, returning with thousands of specimens, and studies in subarctic Canada, northeastern Greenland, and the boreal forests of Alaska, some of which was completed in collaboration with the Canadian National Museum.Following his tenure as research associate, Hugh Raup held a succession of professorial appointments at Harvard. He was appointed Assistant Professor in Plant Ecology in 1938, and rose quickly up the academic ranks, receiving a promotion to Assistant Professor of Plant Geography associate professor in 1945. In 1949, he was promoted to full professor with an appointment as Bullard Professor in Forestry. He became director of the Harvard Forest in 1946, thereafter devoting much of his energies to the Forest through his retirement in 1967. Following Raup's from Harvard, Raup spent three years at Johns Hopkins as a Visiting Professor. He and his wife Lucy then spent 20 years living on the Common in Petersham, Massachusetts, where he continued to correspond with colleagues, debating and questioning matters in the fields of biology, forestry, and ecology in lengthy letters. Near the end of his life, Raup and his wife moved to Wisconsin to be closer to their younger son. Raup died on August 10, 1995 at 94 years of age.
- Harvard University Gazette.Ashton, Peter S. "Faculty of Arts and Sciences-MemorialTribute." Feb 2, 1998, p 8.
- Hay, Ida. Science in the Pleasure Ground: A History of the Arnold Arboretum. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1995.
This collection is arranged in alphabetical order. The bulk of the collection consists of black and white photographs of the Arnold Arboretum grounds and various staff members (including Alfred Rehder) that were taken in the mid-1930s. Functional negatives are also available for many of the photographs. Also included are copies of two of Raup's Bulletin of Popular Information publications: "Notes of the Early Uses of Land Now in the Arnold Arboretum" and "Winter Hardiness of Trees and Shrubs Growing in the Arnold Arboretum." In addition, some of Raup's field notes on the growing conditions at the Arnold Arboretum and a field notebook (Notes on Chaenomeles Collection Taken in the Shrub Border at the Arnold Arboretum) with later additions by Edgar Anderson are included.
Also see Map case Drawer 3 folder 7 for maps that were published in "Notes on the Early Uses of Land Now in the Arnold Arboretum," Bulletin of Popular Information in 1935.The Arboretum Archives also holds meteorological notes on the Arnold Arboretum taken by Raup in 1935. These notes are shelved separately (Meteorological Observations Compiled by Hugh M. Raup, IV C-9).