IV A-4 BJF.
Farrand, Beatrix, 1872-1959. Papers of Beatrix Jones Farrand, 1938-1953 (inclusive):
A Finding Aid.
Archives of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University
The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: IV A-4 BJF.
Repository: Archives of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University
Creator: Beatrix Jones Farrand,
Title: Papers of Beatrix Jones Farrand, 1938-1953 (inclusive).
Date(s): 1938-1953 (inclusive).
Quantity: 1 boxes
Abstract: The Beatrix Farrand papers include biographical material, obituaries, correspondence
(1938-1953) and some published works, which were mainly acquired during the years
of her employment as a landscape garden consultant (1946-1950) at the Arnold Arboretum
of Harvard University, Jamaica Plain, MA.
Provenance: The majority of the Beatrix Farrand papers were acquired during her tenure
as consultant to the Arnold Arboretum from ca 1946-1950 and later accessioned into
HOLLIS #008206440. The biographical materials were added by library staff. This file
# is ajp00006.
Processed: June 1999.
Researchers seeking to examine archival materials are strongly encouraged to make
an appointment. The Director, or an office of origin, may place restrictions on the
use of some or all of its records. The extent and length of the restriction will be
determined by the Director, office of origin, and the Archivist and will be enforced
equally for all researchers.
The copyright is held by The President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Arnold
Arboretum Archives of Harvard University. The copyright on some materials in the collection
may be held by the original author or the author's heirs or assigns. Researchers are
responsible for obtaining written permission from the holder(s) of copyright and the
Arnold Arboretum Archives prior to publishing any quotations or images from materials
in this collection.
Photocopies may be made at the discretion of the Arnold Arboretum Archives staff.
Permission to make photocopies does not constitute permission to reproduce or publish
materials outside the bounds of the fair use guidelines.
Beatrix Jones Farrand (1872-1959) was one of the most important American landscape architects of the twentieth
century. She has the distinction of being the only woman among the eleven founding
members of the American Society of Landscape Architects. Farrand trained with private
teachers before setting up a practice in New York City in 1895. Her principal teacher
wasCharles Sprague Sargent, the first director of the Arnold Arboretum. Under Sargent's tutelage, she studied plant identification and planting design on
the Arboretum grounds and had use of Sargent's comprehensive library, then housed
at Holm Lea, his estate in Brookline, Massachusetts. Farrand served as a consulting landscape gardener to the Arnold Arboretum from 1946 to about 1950. She produced several designs for
the Arboretum grounds during her years of professional practice, including major renovations
of Bussey Hill and Peters Hill, and planting beds along the entrance drive. Her views
on landscape changes at the Arboretum are described in an article she wrote for Arnoldia (November 1, 1946).
Farrand was born into a distinguished New York family that included her aunt, the
writer Edith Wharton. Her early years included extensive European travel, experiences
she drew upon in her later professional life. She married Max Farrand, the distinguished
Yale historian in 1913. Farrand specialized in private gardens and estates. Her best
known and most widely admired design is for the garden of Dumbarton Oaks, the Washington
D.C. estate of Mildred and Robert Woods Bliss, now a museum and study center affiliated
with Harvard University. Another well preserved Farrand design is The Eyrie, the Abby
Aldrich Rockefeller garden in Seal Harbor, Maine. She also did extensive college and
university campus designs including work at Yale University, Vassar, and the University
of Chicago. Her extensive experimental gardens at Reef Point, her summer home in Bar
Harbor, Maine, are unfortunately lost. Farrand's papers and private library are now
in the Library of the College of Environmental Design at the University of California
The collection is organized into the following series: I. Biographical Material; II.
Correspondence; III. Publications; IV. Photographs.
The Beatrix Farrand papers include correspondence (1938-1953) primarily to Arboretum
administrators Paul C. Mangelsdorf, E. D. Merrill, Karl Sax, and horticulturist Donald
Wyman during and after her years as consultant landscape gardener to the Arboretum.
Farrand was the first who consulted on a wide array of projects at the Arboretum from
replanting hemlocks on Hemlock Hill to the rejuvenation of boundary plantings. Also
a moving force behind the establishment of the "Friends of the Arnold Arboretum,"
Farrand herself was a generous contributor to the institution. Included in the correspondence
are plant lists for the administration building and various locations in the Arboretum
garden. Some publications written by Farrand are included from Arnoldia, Reef Point
Gardens Bulletin, and the Bulletin of Popular Information. A general file folder is
also included with some biographical material and obituaries.
- Series: I Biographical Material
- Folder 1
- "Lady into Landscape Gardener: Beatrix Farrand's Early years at the Arnold Arboretum."
by Jane Brown. Arnoldia Vol. 51 No.3 1991.
- "Lady as Landscape Gardener: Beatrix Farrand at The Arnold Arboretum, Part 2." by
Jane Brown. Arnoldia Vol. 52 No.1 1992.
- Folder 2
- Beatrix Jones Farrand 1872-1959: An Appreciation of a Great Landscape Gardner.
Content includes: "Beatrix Cadwalader Jones" by Robert W. Patterson; "An Attempted
Evocation of a Personality" by Mildred Bliss; "Dumbarton Oaks-A Great American Garden"
by Lanning Roper; "A List of Beatrix Jones' Work."
- Folder 3
- Beatrix Farrand 1872-1959. Reef Point Gardens Bulletin vol. 1 No. 17.
"This is the last Reef Point Bulletin. It was written by Mrs. Farrand in 1956 three
years before her death."
- Beatrix Jones' Diary.
Photocopy of three pages concerning visit to Arnold Arboretum. Transcription of Passage
by Ida Hay 1991. (See Brown, Jane. Arnoldia Vol. 51, No.3 p.7 for full transcription).
- Folder 4
- "Miss Beatrix Jones of New York..." [1896?].
- "Miss Beatrix Jones' Vocation." Oct. 31, 1897. The Sun.
See additional biographical works: Balmori, Diana. Beatrix Farrand's American Landscapes:
Her Gardens and Campuses; Brown, Jane. Beatrix: The Gardening Life of Beatrix Jones
Farrand; Dumbarton Oaks Colloquim on the History of Landscape Architecture. Beatrix
Jones Farrand (1872-1959): Fifty Years of American Landscape Architecture; Farrand,
Beatrix. Beatrix Farrand's Plant Book for Dumbarton Oaks.
- Series: II Correspondence
Letters to Arnold Arboretum Staff /Replies from Arnold Arboretum Staff
- Folder 2
Mangelsdorf, Paul C., 1 letter; Merrill, E.D., 6 letters; Sax, Karl, 9 letters. Many replies are on reverse of Farrand's original.
- Letter from Farrand to Sax. August 9, 1944.
- Additional Peters Hill funding by John S. Ames. Sax. June 13, 1945.
- Formal letter of acceptance as Consulting Landscape Gardener to Arnold Arboretum.
From E. D. Merrill. May 27, 1946.
- Proposition to use Brandegee land as nursery. E. D. Merrill. June 21, 1946.
- List of landscape problems at Arnold Arboretum. D. Wyman.July 19, 1946.
- Requests copies of Farrand/Mangelsdorf landscape project. Aug.1, 1946.
- Letters regarding the new policy at the Arboretum. Sax. Aug. 5, 1946.
- Request for clarification on status of projects and budget. Sax. Aug.26, 1946.
- Reports on Progress of Farrand's recommendations. Aug. 30, 1946.
- William Judd Memorial Fund, Merrill dated September 20, 1946.
- Folder 3
Raup, Hugh, 1 letter; Rehder, Alfred E., 4 letters; Sax, Karl, 23 letters;Wyman, Donald, 3 letters. Photocopies of 15 of Sax's replies; 1 carbon copy of a reply from Rehder.
- Rehabilitation of Hemlock Hill. Raup. Jan. 7, 1947.
- Planting near Administration Building. Sax. January 16, 1947.
- Additional notes made on visits to the Arnold Arboretum April 14th and 17th 1947 -
Report on 1947 inspection of grounds.
- Revamping the shrub collection. Sax. May 12, 1947.
- Planting of daffodils on hillside near Administration Building. Sax. June 4 and 16,
- Proposal for azalea walk from Administration Building along the marsh Sax. Aug. 20,
- Proposal to support Friends of the Arboretum. Sax. August 20, 1947.
- Notes on reorganization of shrub collection area. Sax. Aug. 29, 1947.
- Possibility of sale of Walter Street Tract. Sax. Sept. 5, 1947.
- Folder 4
Ames, John,1 letter; Gilman, Constance, 2 letters; Manglesdorf, Paul C.,1 letter; Sax, Karl, 18 letters. Photocopies of 15
of Sax's replies, one copy of reply.
- 1948. Conflict between "botanical exhibitions" and "landscape attractiveness"
Building of road to top of Peters Hill, Plans and planting for rhododendron beds along
Meadow Road, Evaluation of vines on Bussey fence, Renovation and plantings on Peters
Hill, Proposed plants for administration building vicinity. Sax. Sept. 7, 1948.
- Memorandum. To: Dr. Sax From: Dr. Wyman. Oct. 1, 1948.
"...suggested lists of Ericaceae to go in the Azalea bed." Farrand's approval of planting
plans for Ericaceaus bed. Sax. Oct. 6, 1948.
- Memorandum. To: Dr. Sax. From: Dr. Wyman. October 1, 1948.
Date: October 1,
Notes. Arnold Arboretum. November 1947 "Start Construction not Destruction."
- Folder 5
Gilman, Constance, 1 letter; Manglesdorf, Paul C., 1 letter; Sax, Karl, 35 letters
and 5 postcards. Photocopies of 22 of Sax's replies.
- Article on azaleas for Arnoldia Sax. Jan. 6, 1949.
- Planting list for various locations. Sax. April 15, 1949.
- Manuscript of article on Peters Hill. Sax. Aug. 15, Sept. 20, 1949.
- Proposal for pathways on Peters Hill. Sax. Sept. 26, 1949.
- Gift from John D. Rockefeller, Jr. to Arnold Arboretum. Sax. Oct. 4 and 7, 1949. Discussion
of how to spend the money.
- Discussion concerning rearrangement of the shrub and vine collections. Sax. November
9, 1949. Includes sketch.
- Folder 6
Gilman, Constance, 1 letter; Sax, Karl, 11 letters. Photocopies of 9 of Sax's replies.
- List of "tree-climbing" creepers. Sax. April 3, 1950.
- Ongoing correspondence on details of shrub collection. Sax. April-September, 1950.
- Series: III Publications
- Folder 1
- "Contemplated Landscape Changes at The Arnold Arboretum." by Beatrix Farrand. Arnoldia Vol. 6 No. November 10, 1946. p.45-48.
- "The Azalea Border." by Beatrix Farrand. Arnoldia Vol. 9 No. 2 April 1949. p.6-7.
- "Peters Hill." by Beatrix Farrand. Arnoldia Vol. 9 No. 9 October 1949. p.38-43.
- Series: IV Photographs
- Folder 1