Stokes, Caroline Phelps, 1854-1909. Papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes, 1866-1927:
A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© 1973 President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MC 187
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: Caroline Phelps Stokes, 1854-1909
Title: Papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes, 1866-1927
Quantity: .42 linear feet (1 file box) plus 1 folio+ folder, 1 folio folder
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, photographs, travel journals, etc., of Caroline Phelps Stokes and
Olivia Egleston Phelps Stokes, daughters from a wealthy and religious New York City
Processed: September 1973
By: Katherine Gray Kraft
Accession number: 1042
The papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes were deposited with the Schlesinger
Library in July, 1966 by Bishop Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr.
Access. Collection is open for research.
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes is
held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library.
Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors'
heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes, 1854-1927; item description, dates. MC
187, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute,
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Caroline Phelps Stokes Papers,
1892-1927 (MC 188
Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes were sisters, born in New York City to wealthy,
religiously zealous parents. They devoted their lives to Christian works through
philanthropy, contributing to charitable, religious, and educational institutions,
as well as to individuals in need. Caroline and Olivia were especially concerned
with the problems of blacks, both in America and Africa, and gave generously to funds
for schools and better housing. Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and Hampton Institute
in Virginia were among the beneficiaries. Caroline bequeathed her estate to the establishment
of the Phelps-Stokes Fund, to be used for improved housing, and education for minority
students. After Caroline's death, Olivia contributed to Negro education through the
This collection consists of letters of appreciation from individuals and institutions
which benefitted from the sisters' generosity; letters and other documents associated
with the Ansonia Library in Connecticut, built by the sisters in memory of their father,
James Stokes, and maternal grandfather, Anson Greene Phelps; letters from Olivia to
Caroline; and various writings of Caroline, including her travel journals upon which Travels of a Lady's Maid, published anonymously in 1908, was based.
- 1. Letters, Olivia to Carrie [Caroline], 1867-1868, n.d.
- 2. Letters, Olivia to Nellie (sister), n.d.; Olivia to Sarah, n.d. (1902?).
- 3. Letters, Newton (nephew) to Olivia, 1916; Brunswick(?) (cousin) to Olivia, n.d.
- 4. Letters from Berkshire Industrial Farm - 6 letters.
- 5. 4 letters from Jan Hus Bohemian Presbyterian Church (3 1918, 1 n.d.).
- 6. Letters and notes re Tuskegee Institute:
- 4 pieces of paper with notes re YWCA secretary needed at Tuskegee
- 1 copy, letter of Olivia to Miss Pinyon, n.d.
- 1 autograph letter, signed Lilla(?) Washington to Miss Stokes, September 10, 1916
- 1 autograph letter, signed Margaret I. Washington (Mrs. Booker T.) to Miss Stokes,
June 26, 1916
- 1 autograph letter, signed J.H. Washington, August 24, 1920
- 3 typed letters, signed Josephine Pinyon to Miss Stokes: June 23, 1916; July 19,
1916; July 24, 1916
- 7. Letters from YM-YWCA, 1915-1926:
- 1 autograph letter, signed Blanche Campbell, YWCA, San Bernardino, California, January
- 1 typed letter, signed Louise F. Shields, YWCA, Tucson, Arizona, September 21, 1918
- 1 typed letter, signed Ella Schooley, National Board of YWCA, November 8, 1920
- 1 receipt for 2,000 dollars, National Board of YWCA, November 4, 1920
- 1 typed letter, signed Antoinette Lapham, National Board of YWCA, October 30, 1922
- 1 typed letter, signed C.E.A. Heywood, YMCA, Ansonia, Conn., October 13, 1924, and
program of corner stone laying
- 1 typed letter, signed Cordella A. Winn, National Board of YWCA, July 15, 1926
- 1 typed letter, signed Emma Bailey Speer (Mrs. Robert E.), National Board of YWCA,
July 9, 1926
- 8. Letters of thanks for gifts and donations - 27 letters: 1909; 1915; 1916-1919; 3
- 9. Letters of thanks for gifts and donations - 18 letters, 1920-1926.
- 10. Resolutions re Ansonia Library Charter:
- 1 "Notice, Special City Meeting to the Freemen of the City of Ansonia," March 14,
1896, and report of meeting
- 1 autograph letter, signed from Mayor Webster (Ansonia) to Hon. Charles D. Hine, enclosing
statements of resolutions passed by city re Library, March 23, 1896
- 11. Letters concerning Ansonia Library:
- 1 copy of letter Anson Phelps Stokes to Reverend Timothy Dwight, March 12, 1892
- 1 autograph letter, signed Reverend Timothy Dwight to Anson Phelps Stokes, March 14,
- 1 copy of letter Anson Phelps Stokes to Hon.Edward Phelps, February 9, 1892
- 1 copy of letter E. I. Phelps to Anson Phelps Stokes, February 15, 1892
- Replies to invitations to dedication, 1892, with 5 autograph letters, signed Lyman
- 1 typed letter, signed Charles D. Hine to Caroline re Ansonia Library Charter, May
- 1 letter [Charles D. Hine?] to Caroline re charter, May 22, 1901
- 12. Dedicatory speeches for Ansonia Library: 1 manuscript, 50 plus 1 pages, 1 manuscript,
- 13. Miscellaneous, Ansonia Library:
- 2 manuscript pages of agenda for dedication
- 1 printed card - "Admit Bearer to the Memorial Library..."
- 1 printed card - invitation to dedicatory exercises for Library
- Bulletin of the Ansonia Library, January 1897
- Bulletin of the Ansonia Library, May 1898
- 15. 4 letters re dedication of outdoor pulpit, in memory of Caroline, at St. John the
Divine Cathedral, 1916
- 16. "Journal of Carrie Phelps Stokes, aged 12 years, for the year of 1867," 12 pages;
"Private Journal of Carrie P. Stokes, Recommenced December 3rd, 1872 at Miss Porter's,
Farmington, Conn.," 11 pages.
- 17. Travel journal, 1878, Caroline, 55 pages.
- 18. Travel journal, 1893-1894, Caroline, 47 pages.
- 19. Travel journal, 1896-1897, Caroline, 49 numbered pages plus an insert of 8 page letter
to a Mrs. Munson.
- 20. "Why I Believe in the Virgin Birth," Caroline, 15 pages plus 8 pages of notes, n.d.
- 21. Miscellaneous news clippings, including book reviews of Travels of a Lady's Maid, based on Caroline's journals
The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations, and topics documented
in this collection.
An entry for each appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS)
and other automated bibliographic
databases. THIS IS NOT AN INDEX.
Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922
Berkshire Industrial Farm
Dwight, Timothy, 1828-1916
Stokes, Olivia Egleston Phelps, 1847-1927
Voyages and travels
Washington, Margaret James Murray, 1865-1925
Women in charitable work
YMCA of the USA