Stokes, Caroline Phelps, 1854-1909. Papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes, 1866-1927:
A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
© 1973 Radcliffe College
Call No.: MC 187
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: Caroline (1854-1909) and Olivia (1847-1927) Phelps Stokes
Title: Papers, 1866-1927
Quantity: 1 box, 1 folio+ folder, 1 folio folder
Abstract: Correspondence, photographs, travel journals, etc., of Caroline Phelps Stokes and
Olivia Egleston Phelps Stokes, daughters from a wealthy and religious New York City
Processed: September 1973
Accession number: 1042
The papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes were deposited with the Schlesinger
Library in July, 1966 by Bishop Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr.
Caroline Phelps Stokes Papers of Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes, 1854-1927; item
description, dates. MC 187, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute,
Caroline and Olivia Phelps Stokes were sisters, born in New York City to wealthy, religiously zealous parents. They devoted their lives to Christian works
through philanthropy, contributing to charitable, religious, and educational institutions,
as well as to individuals in need. Caroline and Olivia were especially concerned
with the problems of blacks, both in America and Africa, and gave generously to funds
for schools and better housing. Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and Hampton Institute
in Virginia were among the beneficiaries. Caroline bequeathed her estate to the establishment
of the Phelps-Stokes Fund, to be used for improved housing, and education for minority
students. After Caroline's death, Olivia contributed to Negro education through the
This collection consists of letters of appreciation from individuals and institutions
which benefited from the sisters' generosity; letters and other documents associated
with the Ansonia Library in Connecticut, built by the sisters in memory of their father,
James Stokes, and maternal grandfather, Anson Greene Phelps; letters from Olivia to
Caroline; and various writings of Caroline, including her travel journals upon which Travels of a Lady's Maid, published anonymously in 1908, was based.
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library. See also Caroline Phelps Stokes
Papers, 1892-1927 (MC 188
- 1. Letters, Olivia to Carrie [Caroline] (ALS, 1867; ALS, 1868; 19 ALS, n.d.).
- 2. Letters, Olivia to Nellie (sister), ALS, n.y.; Olivia to Sarah, ALS, n.y. (1902?).
- 3. Letters, Newton (nephew) to Olivia, TLS, 1916; Brunswick(?) (cousin) to Olivia, ALS,
- 4. Letters from Berkshire Industrial Farm - 6 letters.
- 5. 4 letters from Jan Hus Bohemian Presbyterian Church (3 1918, 1 n.d.).
- 6. Letters and notes re Tuskegee Institute: 4 pieces of paper with notes re YWCA secretary
needed at Tuskegee; 1 copy, letter of Olivia to Miss Pinyon, n.d.; 1 ALS Lilla(?)
Washington to Miss Stokes, Sept, 10, 1916; 1 ALS Margaret I. Washington (Mrs. Booker
T.) to Miss Stokes, June 26, 1916; 1 ALS J.H. Washington, August 24, 1920; 3 TLS Josephine
Pinyon to Miss Stokes: June 23, 1916; July 19, 1916; July 24, 1916.
- 7. Letters from YM-YWCA, 1915-1926: 1 ALS Blanche Campbell, YWCA, San Bernardino, CA.,
Jan.16, 1915; 1 TLS Louise F. Shields, YWCA, Tucson, Arizona, Sept. 21, 1918; 1 TLS
Ella Schooley, National Board of YWCA, Nov. 8, 1920; 1 receipt for 2,000 dollars,
National Board of YWCA, Nov. 4, 1920; 1 TLS Antoinette Lapham, National Board of YWCA,
Oct. 30, 1922; 1 TLS C.E.A. Heywood, YMCA, Ansonia, Conn., Oct. 13, 1924, and program
of corner stone laying; 1 TLS Cordella A. Winn, National Board of YWCA, July 15, 1926;
1 TLS Emma Bailey Speer (Mrs. Robert E.), National Board of YWCA, July 9, 1926.
- 8. Letters of thanks for gifts and donations - 27 letters: 1909; 1915; 1916-1919; 3
- 9. Letters of thanks for gifts and donations - 18 letters, 1920-1926.
- 10. Resolutions re Ansonia Library Charter: 1 "Notice, Special City Meeting to the Freemen
of the City of Ansonia," March 14, 1896, and report of meeting; 1 ALS from Mayor Webster
(Ansonia) to Hon. Charles D. Hine, enclosing statements of resolutions passed by city
re Library, March 23, 1896.
- 11. Letters concerning Ansonia Library: 1 copy of letter Anson Phelps Stokes to Rev. Timothy
Dwight, March 12, 1892; 1 ALS Rev. Timothy Dwight to Anson Phelps Stokes, March 14,
1892; 1 copy of letter Anson Phelps Stokes to Hon.Edward Phelps, Feb. 9, 1892; 1 copy
of letter E. I. Phelps to Anson Phelps Stokes, Feb. 15, 1892; Replies to invitations
to dedication, 1892, with 5 ALS Lyman Abbott; 1 TLS Charles D. Hine to Caroline re
Ansonia Library Charter, May 14, 1901; 1 letter [Charles D. Hine?] to Caroline re
charter, May 22, 1901
- 12. Dedicatory speeches for Ansonia Library: 1 ms. 50 plus 1 pp. 1 ms. 16 pp.
- 13. Miscellaneous, Ansonia Library: 2 ms. pages of agenda for dedication; 1 printed card
- "Admit Bearer to the Memorial Library...;" 1 printed card - invitation to dedicatory
exercises for Library; Bulletin of the Ansonia Library, Jan., 1897; Bulletin of the Ansonia Library, May, 1898
- 15. 4 letters re dedication of outdoor pulpit, in memory of Caroline, at St. John the
Divine Cathedral, 1916
- 16. "Journal of Carrie Phelps Stokes, aged 12 years, for the year of 1867," 12 pp.; "Private
Journal of Carrie P. Stokes, Recommenced December 3rd, 1872 at Miss Porter's, Farmington,
Conn.," 11 pp.
- 17. Travel journal, 1878, Caroline, 55 pp.
- 18. Travel journal, 1893-1894, Caroline, 47 pp.
- 19. Travel journal, 1896-1897, Caroline, 49 numbered pages plus an insert of 8 page letter
to a Mrs. Munson.
- 20. "Why I Believe in the Virgin Birth," Caroline, 15 pp. plus 8 pp. of notes, n.d.
- 21. Miscellaneous news clippings, including book reviews of Travels of a Lady's Maid, based on Caroline's journals
Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922
Berkshire Industrial Farm
Dwight, Rev. Timothy, 1828-1916
Travels of a Lady's Maid
Washington, Margaret I.